American History / â€œWhat Happen To The Originals?â€
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Autor: anton 13 March 2011
Words: 1257 | Pages: 6
â€œWhat Happen to the Originals?â€
In 1492, Columbus sailed the ocean blue. He is proclaimed to be the man to discover America, but someone beat him to it. Bjarni Herljufson, a Viking, and his crew found the land way before Columbus was born. The Viking left the land after seeing that it was already occupied by others. These people were the original discovers or natives of the land. They were the Native Americans. By America saying that Christopher Columbus discovered America, It is unfair to the Native Americas. This is one of the first ways of many that America has treated Natives.
There are many myths, legends, and stories of how, when the Native came to America or evolved here. First, the Natives have their own creation stories. Most have their very own way in explaining how the came into this earth. First, the scientistsâ€™ rumor now of how Natives found there way to America is that the water dropped so low where Alaska and Russia meet. This allowed people to cross this land bridge. (infoplease) This theory believed that the people of Siberia were running out of food and water. They followed the game across the Bering Strait. This would say that these people walked over 1000 miles to even get to America. (Wikipedia) It seems like it is impossible for so many people to cross this land bridge with the distance they traveled and how cold it might have been due to the ice age.
Also, Natives have their own stories and legends. These are called creation stories. Every tribe tells its own story and how they tell it. Many of these stories have the same meaning. Most of them saying God is a very forgiving and helpful creator. This is not similar to the bibles creation story. In this story, God is vengeful and unforgiving.
Christopher Columbus was a navigator and maritime explorer credited as the discoverer of the Americas. (Wikipedia) As stated before, Columbus was not the original founder of the Americas. Columbusâ€™ trip was in search of gold. When he landed in America,
â€œIndians were enslaved in their homelands to harvest gold from bits of dust found in streams. Columbus' men ordered everyone over age 13 in a province of Haiti to bring in a quota of gold; Indians who failed had their hands cut off and were left to bleed to death.â€ (Solomon)
Columbus is not the great hero many America think. After enslaving the Native here, He shipped many of them back to Spain to do slave work there. Over the years the hardship continued.
â€˜The war against the native population included hangings and burnings. Mass suicides followed. Historians estimate that half of the Indians on Haiti â€” as many as 125,000 people â€” were dead within a few years.â€ (Solomon)
Also due new to new disease brought in by the Europeans, more Native died. By 1650, the entire Native community either died or left the area where Columbus first landed.
During the colonial period, Natives continued die due to the new disease that flooded the Americas.
â€œThe Patuxet village, (Abenakas People) of Massachusetts at Plymouth, is wiped out by smallpox. Smallpox hit Maine, Connecticut and Merrimack Valleys. An estimated population of 25,000 was reduced to 2,500 by next century.â€(agt.net)
The Natives were taken over by disease. This was all caused by the Colonists bring diseases over from Europe.
On top of this, many fights or mini wars broke out between the Colonist and the Natives. The Native tried to force settlers back by burning villages and killing them, but the Colonist were much too more power and also had better weaponries.
â€œIn July 1636, John Oldham, a trader of questionable honesty, was killed by the Pequotâ€¦What followed was the first significant clash between English colonists and North American Natives.â€ (U-S-History)
Between 400 and 700 Natives were killed in this battle. The Colonist used un-European like tactics during this fight. They struck at night. They burned the village and shot at fleeing Natives. Also they captured Pequot chieftain Sassacus and he was executed soon after.
Soon later after this battle another war broke out
â€Beginning in June 1675, the Wampanoag, outfitted with rifles and armor, attacked a series of settlements and took the lives of dozens of colonial men, women and children.â€ (U-S-History)
The settlers were fast acting after this attack. Again, they burnt Native villages and killed many Natives.
The Post Revolution
After the Revolution War, America was looking quickly to expend. There was one problem in the way though. Most of the land to the west was taken up by the Native Americans. The America government signed the Indian Relocation Act
1830. This act lead to the Trail of Tears
â€œin which over 70,000 Indians had to give up their homes and move to certain areas assigned to tribes in Oklahomaâ€¦The tribes had to walk all day long and get very little rest.â€ ( Studyworld)
This was the worst of the worst land. At the time, there were no nature resources. Also, you could not farm on this land. Really, the only thing the Native could do to survive at the time would be to sell their land little bits at time. Natives ended up losing half of their land that they had before the start of the Removal Act. (LaMar)
This was President Andrew Jackson whole goal during this act. He said
"It gives me great pleasure to announce to Congress that the benevolent policy of the government, steady pursued for nearly thirty years, in relation with the removal of the Indians beyond the white settlements is approaching to a happy consumationâ€¦to cast off their savage habits and become an interesting, civilized, and Christian community." (Studyworld)
He tried breaking up the Native culture or ridding it all together.
The Gold Rush
Yet again, there were Natives where the government did not want them to be.
â€œOver 150,000 Native Americans lived sustainably in California prior to the gold rushâ€¦By 1870; there was an estimated native population of only 31,000 Californian Indians left. Over 60 percent of these indigenous people died from disease introduced by hundreds of thousands of so-called 49ers. However, local tribes were also systematically chased off their lands, marched to missions and reservations, enslaved and brutally massacred.â€ (1849.org)
Again disease and fighting nearly destroy all of the Natives that lived in this region. Settlers search for gold were able to get 5 dollars for any proof of killing an Indian.
Now, Native America is finally getting the respect that they should have gotten during the 1500â€™s when settlers first arrived here. They are able to run their own government. They own casinos, business, and banks. The tribes have started to earn a lot of money. Some tribes do not have the money making power that other tribes do. All in all, things are looking good for the Natives. If the government try to treat the badly again, they have the power and the money to stop any wrong doing the government might try.
â€œBering land bridgeâ€ Wikipedia 5 Dec 2006.
â€œChristopher Columbusâ€ Wikipedia 5 Dec 2006.
â€œGold, Greed & Genocideâ€ 11 Dec. 2006 < http://www.1849.org/>
â€œMajor Pre-Columbian Indian Cultures in the United Statesâ€ 5 Dec 2006.
â€Indian History 610 - 1624â€ 6 Dec 2006.
â€œIndian Removal Act of 1830â€ Studyworld. 11 Dec. 2006
â€œKing Philip's Warâ€ Wars and Battles. 8 Dec. 2006.
LaMar, Chris â€œRemoval Actâ€ Native American Studies.
â€œPequot Warâ€ Wars and Battles. 8 Dec. 2006 < http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h580.html>
Solomon, Norman â€œColumbus Day: A Clash of Myth and Historyâ€ 6 Dec 2006.
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