American History / Communism And Facism

Communism And Facism

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Autor:  anton  03 April 2011
Tags:  Communism,  Facism
Words: 609   |   Pages: 3
Views: 672

Political Theories of Fascism and Communism

Define the political theories of fascism and communism, and then describe their major differences.

Communism is when no one can own private property because everyone is put into one social class and Fascism is when one supreme leader takes control of the all aspects of a nation.

a. How has each of these theories been carried out in the 20th century?

In Nazi Germany many people were attracted by the idea that violence can solve many of the nations problems. In Italy many people did not react negatively due to fear and many business men did not disapprove because the country was economically strengthening. In Japan, the economic control was maintained by was zaibatsu.

b. Where, when, and by whom?

In the 1930s, Italy was taken over by Mussolini, Germany by Adolf Hitler and Japan had also become a dominant nation that had adopted western technology and cultures

1. Make a comprehensive list of the events in Europe and outside that are said to have led to WW II.

France allies with Poland to defend Poland and Czechoslovakia in case of a future attack, German, Japan, and Italy had adopded dictatorship, national planning and militarization, Civil War broke out in Spain, Germany left the league of nations and invaded Austria. Germany then took over Czechoslovakia. Germany then invaded Poland. Russia attacked Finland and was removed from the Leage.

3. WW II:

a. Which countries comprised axis and ally powers?

Austria, Italy, Germany, Sicily, Romianis, Bulgaria

b. What was the non-aggression pact between USSR and Germany? When was it broken?

A secret protocol of the the treaty was an agreement to divide up Poland between them if the territory were ever to be conquered. It was broken on June 22, 1941.

c. When did the USA join the WW II and on what grounds?

December 8 because Japan bombed the US at Pearl Harbor destroying many ports, and killing more than 2000.

d. What is considered as turning points in the eastern and western fronts and Pacific War?

e. Why was it called a “total war”?

It involved the entire populations and economies of the nations that fought it.

f. What were the new technological advancements used in the war, which made it farm more deadly as compared with WW I?

Tanks, submarines, aircrafts

2. What is the relationship between WW II and feminism?

Since men were sent to war women took over the roles of employment in factories which encouraged a better development of industrialization and eventually lead to women’s suffrage in the U.S.

a. Did the war affect women of the Pacific War the same way? Explain.

No, they were sexualually harassed and abused also known as “comfort women”

4. Image of Humanity:

a. Explain the chief reasons for the end of European colonialism after World War II.

b. What is Anti-Semitism?

It was the idea that Jews should be eliminated.

c. What was new about this ideology as elaborated by Hitler?

Jews were worked as slaves in camps and then sent to the gas chambers.

d. How does the Elie Wiesel’s account of his experience in the camps portray the vision of humanity?

He composed literature on his own personal experiences of what he went through in the camps

6. Name and briefly describe the institutions and reconstruction programs introduced in order to prevent further wars.

The United Nations was created to work things out through discussion of all the countries and their representatives. It increased international relations.

a. Describe three new policies formulated by the US to combat the spread of communism.

Marshal Plan, Truman Doctrine, “containment”

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