American History / Lincoln'S Attitude Toward Black

Lincoln'S Attitude Toward Black

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Autor:  anton  31 March 2011
Tags:  Lincolns,  Attitude,  Toward
Words: 412   |   Pages: 2
Views: 339

President Lincoln's statements cannot be reconciled. The fact is that he changed his attitude about Blacks and about slavery between 1858 and 1862, due to the Civil War. Lincoln long believed that it was impossible for the black and white races to live together as equals. For years, he brought forth a policy known as colonization, in which slaves would be freed and then sent to live in Africa. In this way, both black and white races would have equal rights, but would not have to live together in the same place under the same government.

Lincoln recognized that the mere granting of freedom from slavery would not make Blacks the social and political equals of white Americans. So emancipating them, and even allowing free Black males to serve in the Union Army, did not make them equal with whites. It only meant that they weren't slaves. Lincoln was changing his mind a bit on the relationship between Blacks and Whites. Before the war, he saw Blacks as a threat, but as the war went on he changed his view. He recognized the contributions that many Blacks were making, especially those who became Union soldiers.

In 1858, when he was campaigning to be Senator from Illinois, he had to be careful not to arouse the opposition of voters by seeming to support equality of any kind between White and Black Americans. Most White Americans in the North, while they may not have supported slavery, did not consider Blacks to be equals of Whites. In 1862, when he was president during a war that the North seemed unable to win, he felt that a proclamation freeing the slaves would be a good idea for many reasons. The most important reason was to “dissuade” France and England from helping the South. Both of those countries were opposed to slavery, so that Lincoln didn't think that they would support the South in preference to the North if the North appeared to abandon slavery.

Of course, in fact, the Emancipation Proclamation only applied to the states in rebellion, and wasn't intended - and didn't - free any slaves in Maryland, Delaware, and other states under Union control.

Lincoln's attitude toward Black Americans seems to have changed during the war. While he didn't take any steps toward achieving legal equality between the races, he seems to have personally adopted the notion that all people are equal, regardless of their race.

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