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Autor: anton 05 November 2010
Words: 676 | Pages: 3
Making Movies: A Challenge to Superior Students
A project by Professor William D. Baker published in the Journal of Communications, 1954
William D. Baker, an English professor, makes light of the dilemma faced by the faculty of Michigan State College; how to challenge advanced students. The college hosted special conferences and offered remedial services for students that were doing poorly, yet had no constructive program for students who were excelling in their studies other than to allow them to skip a quarter or two by taking the exam early. His essay in the 1954 Journal of Communication documents an assignment he gave his best students in his Freshman English class; to make a movie.
Professor Baker wanted to assign a significant project â€œone within the province of the communication teacher and stimulating in its challenge to superior studentsâ€. Upon deciding to have the students make a movie, he found through research that high school students in Denver, and Detroit and college students at Alabama Polytechnical Institute had made films also. Unfortunately those studentsâ€™ situations provided Mr. Baker with two worries, time and money. The average time allotted in many cases was ten weeks, longer than what could be allowed in one quarter, and the average cost would have made the project impossible to do if financed solely by him. In contrast to the Denver and Detroit schoolsâ€™ spending hundreds of dollars on equipment, Baker kept the costs down to an absolute minimum spending about thirteen dollars on color film and recording tape, he was determined to have his students take on the project.
The five students, selected based on their grades from the first quarter and their first speech and theme in the second quarter, were told to pick a topic that would be approved by the instructor, and work out the filmâ€™s production plan for themselves.
The group, calling itself The Film Five, was armed with Professor Bakerâ€™s 8mm camera, projector, a splicing outfit, and a titling outfit, a special filter for taking outdoor pictures with indoor film, and photoflood lights and reflectors. The students were informed that the effort was to be a group project and its success or failure rested on their shoulders alone. The Film Five worked in Bakerâ€™s office and were excused from several classes to work on the film with his permission. They were to be their own actors, writers, directors, and camera people. They were not, however, excused from the term paper and four of the five used their film research to craft part of their paper.
The students finally came up with Campus Traditions as the topic for their movie, dramatizing the topic by staging a naÐ¿ve freshman girl, taken in tow by a group of worldly and wise upper-classmen. Set-backs were inevitable and the first day of shooting, which was scheduled to be completed in one day, was delayed due to snow that fell after they shot the first half of their outdoor scenes. The students altered their script best they could and continued filming.
The Film Fiveâ€™s project resulted in a film that served several purposes like providing a good target for criticism, teaching students what to look for in films, thus developing their critical judgment of an important medium of communication. The film also served as a great eye opener for first term freshmen, since it explained to them what traditions other students found important and helped kindle their enthusiasm for college life. Professor Baker reported having learned many things from this project as well; he learned that as an instructor he must remain in the background and allow the students to work as much as possible on their own so they do not become dependent upon him/her for help. Mr. Baker took a chance with his curriculum and chose to venture into a format virtually unknown to those outside of Hollywood and it resulted in a very positive experience, he reported hoping to make it a permanent part of the course.
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