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Autor: anton 08 December 2010
Words: 729 | Pages: 3
Two things can be derived from the short story â€œThe Yellow Wallpaperâ€, that being Jane, the main character in this story, is either suffering from postpartum psychotic delirium, or directly confronting the sexual politics of the male/female, husband/wife relationship. The to articles that argue these ideas are â€œMonumental feminism and literatureâ€™s ancestral house: Another look at â€œThe Yellow wallpaper,â€ written by Janice Haney-Peritz, as well as â€œ Too Terribly Good to Be Printedâ€: Charlotte Gilmanâ€™s â€œThe Yellow Wallpaperâ€, written by Conrad Shumaker. These articles will argue that Jane suffered from sever postpartum depression which resulted in inevitable psychosis, as well as Janeâ€™s writings in her diary paint a picture of the feminist movement for which Gilman was known for writing â€œwith a purpose.â€ What relates both of these articles is the ability to relate to one another in the fact that those who read this short story gain a feeling of morbidity.
One such account of such morbidity towards â€œThe Yellow Wallpaperâ€ comes from an anonymous doctor who in an 1892 letter stated that such morbidity in a short story should be censured, as well as Horace Scudder who wrote a letter to Gilman which exclaimed how miserable this story has made him and how he had no choice but to not publish her story. And with that the similarities cease. Peritz writes about the relationship between Jane and her husband John, stating that John all to calmingly tells Jane repeatedly thatâ€™s she is well and all she needs is nice long rest, moderate exercise, and healthy eating. This introduces the idea that John not only being the â€œmanâ€ in the marriage, as well as a doctor, believes he knows best and will control the situation as a result. With this, it leaves Jane feeling as if she is locked â€œbehind bars,â€ as well as contributing to the other imaginary â€œsymbols.â€
On the other end of the spectrum Shumaker argues that â€œthe Yellow Wallpaperâ€ is simple archiving the slow decent into psychosis. Shumaker states â€œ Gilman, an avowed feminist and a relative to Harriett Beecher Stowe, told (William Dean) Howells that she didnâ€™t consider the work to be â€œliteratureâ€ at all, that everything she wrote was for a purpose,â€ in this case pointing out the dangers of a particular medical treatment popular in the late 1800s.This medical treat being â€œrest cureâ€ which was practiced and more suited for the business-type husband and the socialite wife, simply put the â€œrest cureâ€ would only treat the physical problems that are attributed to fatigue and not something as serious as Janeâ€™s condition,
Being told to completely rest and nothing else, Jane started to let her artistic mind wonder and begin to think of other things, such as focusing on the wallpaper. Janeâ€™s husband shows a number of controlling characteristics, for example, when he is asked about moving from the â€œmaster bedroomâ€ to the â€œpretty roomsâ€ downstairs he simple responds by calling her a â€œlittle goose,â€ this is evidence that John is forcing his thoughts and beliefs onto Jane, as a result Jane attempts to not only block his remarks from her mind but to begin to conjure an alternate reality which is the â€œYellow Wallpaper.â€ Although he continues to tell her â€œYou are gaining flesh and colorâ€ he cannot see the unhealthiness that is occurring in her mind.
In the end, despite all of his medical knowledge, John, believing solely in his dogmatic faith which becomes the resulting factor to not allow john to embrace the possibility that his wifeâ€™s imagination could be a â€œpositive force.â€ Janeâ€™s remarks in her â€œJournal entriesâ€ paints a picture of deception, not so much on Johnâ€™s part than on Jane, meaning Jane writes in her that she would never criticize John to â€œa living sould, of course, but this is dead paper.â€
In Conclusion it is the readers opinion as to what this story is trying to point out. Whether it be Psychosis or sexual politics, one thing remains certain, the role of a woman in Gilmanâ€™s time was that of a â€œslaveâ€ to the husband. However, This also shows at how imaginative a woman or person can be in a time of stress and heartache, without the constant pushing from her husband, to stay in bed, or eat well, or not to write or anything may have in a sense â€œcuredâ€ her, but one can only speculate.
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