Business / Business Ethics
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Autor: anton 29 October 2010
Words: 891 | Pages: 4
Code of Ethics/Workshop 5
Nurses support and enable individuals, families and groups to maintain, restore or improve their health status. Nurse also care for and comfort when deterioration of health has become irreversible. A traditional ideal of nursing is caring and nurturing of human beings regardless of race, religion, status, age, gender, diagnosis, or any other grounds.
Nursing care is based on the development of a helping relationship and the implementation and evaluation of therapeutic processes. Therapeutic process includes health promotion, education, counseling, nursing interventions and empowerment of individuals, families or groups. It helps individuals make choices in regards to their health care.
Nurses are independent moral agents and sometimes they have a personal moral conflicts that makes them uncomfortable with participating in certain procedures. Nurses have a moral obligation to the profession, but they are morally entitled to refuse to participate in procedures which would violate their moral beliefs. Nurses accepting positions where they maybe called on to go against their own moral beliefs, should inform their employer. Their employer and their coworkers have a responsibility to ensure that theyâ€™re not discriminated against.
Nursing practices is present in a variety of settings. Any setting can be affected by factors which are not within a nurseâ€™s control or influence. These include resource constraints, institutional policies, management decisions, and the practice of other health care providers. Nurses also recognize the potential for conflict between an individualâ€™s needs or the needs of a group or community. Such factors may affect the degree to which nurses are able to fulfill their moral obligations and/or the number and type of ethical dilemmas they may face.
A code of ethics focuses on the morals and ideals of the profession and provides a working framework for nursing practice. Nurses can use the code of ethics as a guide for
direction and resolution of ethical dilemmas. It is not intended to cover all the aspects nurse should consider, but can be used as an aid in further consideration of ethical concerns in nursing.
I have created a code of ethics to:
a. Identify the fundamental moral commitments of the profession.
b. Provide nurses with a basis for professional and self reflection and a
guide to ethical practices.
c. Indicate to the community the values which nurses hold.
Code of Ethics
1. Nurses will respect individual needs, values, and culture in the provision of nursing
care. Nursing care for any individual should not be compromised because of ethnicity, gender, spiritual values, disability, age, economic, social or health status, or any other grounds. Respect for an individualâ€™s needs includes recognition of the individualâ€™s place in a family and the community. For this reason, others should be included in the individualâ€™s care. Respect for an individualâ€™s needs, beliefs and values includes culturally sensitive care, and the need for comfort, dignity, privacy and alleviation of pain and anxiety as much as possible.
2. Nurses will respect the rights of individuals to make informed choices in relation to
their care. Individuals are entitled to make decisions related to their on welfare. Nurses have a responsibility to inform individuals about the nursing care available to them, and have the choice to accept or reject the care. If the person is not able to speak for themselves, nurses must ensure someone is their to represent them. The nurses must respect the decisions made concerning the individualâ€™s care. Standards of care are one measure of quality. Quality nursing care provides care by qualified individuals.
Promotion of quality nursing care includes continuing education as a means of maintaining and increasing knowledge and skills.
4. Nurses will keep all information obtained in a professional capacity confidential and use
professional judgment in sharing such information (on a need to know basis). Nurses protect individuals in their care against lack of privacy by confining their verbal communications to appropriate personnel and settings, and to professional purposes. Nurses have a moral obligation to adhere to practices which limit access to personal records to appropriate personnel.
5. Nurses will respect the accountability and responsibility inherent in their roles. Nurses have moral obligations in the provision of nursing care. Nurses work with other health care providers to provide comprehensive health care, recognizing the perspective and expertise of each team member. Nurses have a moral right to refuse to participate in procedures that violate their own personal moral conscience (entitled to conscientious objection).
6. Nurses will value the promotion of a social and economic environment which supports
and sustains health and well-being. Nursing includes involvement in the detection of ill effects of the environment on the health of individuals and the ill effects of human activities on the natural environment. Nurses acknowledge that the social environment in which individuals live has an impact on their health. Also, with the help of other health professionals and consumers, initiate and support action to meet the health and social needs of the public.
The code of ethics needs to be responsive to the needs and changes within the profession. In time, these codes will need to change to keep up with the changes in nursing and in society.
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