English / English Language History
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Autor: anton 01 December 2010
Words: 594 | Pages: 3
English Language Research Task
1. The origin of the English language can be traced back to the 5th century A.D. with the arrival of three tribes from present day Germany. The three tribes were called Angles, Saxons and Jutes. At this time the main language in Britain was the Celtic language, which was quickly replaced by English. Recently an old manuscript dating from 450 A.D. was found in England and it contained the first known words of English.
2. The languages that influenced English are Latin, Danish, Norse, French, Greek, German, Russian, Arabic, Hindi Italian, Malay, Dutch, Farsi, Nahuatl, Sanskrit, Portuguese, Spanish, Tupi, and Ewe. The list is enormous. However the main languages that influence English are the first seven. Latin adds words such as Kitchen, kettle, and cup. Danish and Norse added the words such as sky, egg, cake, and leg. French also added words such as Power, desire, and chamber.
3. Some words that were brought from other languages to the English language are Orange, Chocolate, Algebra, and Checkmate. Orange comes from the Indian word Naranj. When the fruit was introduced to the English they used this word but since words did not commonly end in a j it was changed to â€œnarangeâ€ and then the â€œnaâ€ at the beginning was dropped for an â€œoâ€ and the word â€œorangeâ€ came to be. The word Checkmate comes from the Farsi word Shah-k-mate which, simply means â€œthe king is deadâ€. Then the word was changed through French grammar to become Checkmate.
4. With the Invention of the printing press the English language (and other languages) became more accessible to people all over the world. This invention mainly just got people to know that English existed but as a learned language. Then the English ruled the world and colonized many countries around the world (25% of the world was under Britainâ€™s control) and since they controlled this many people they introduced English as a learnable and practical language. Then with mass literacy sweeping the world the English language became easily accessible to most of the world, and people started to learn the language as they travelled and also for business reasons. However the greatest tool the English language has used has been the computer. Since the computer was developed in the U.S. and most computer programs are developed in English. Now since the computer has become a basic necessity of modern life people around the world have basically forced to learn English.
5. English is spoken in so many countries because of the influence the U.S. has on the world, and also due to use of the computer. One could also say that Microsoft has been the largest contributor to the English language. Also the rise of mass media has had a huge impact on the use of the English language.
6. Scientists have found if you get a group of people and place them in an isolated area for a long period of time the peopleâ€™s voices change. Then more people migrate to that area and carry on the language characteristics of that region, thus developing different accents in a language. For example the English have their accents, the Americans their own, and the South Africans their own.
7. English is classified as an Indo-European language. It is classified as this because it is made up of Sanskrit and most European languages such as French, German, Greek and Russian.
8. 514,000,000 people in the world Speak English (approx.)
6,433,549,727 people in the world
7.9% of the world speaks English
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