English / What Makes A Hero? A Comparison Between The Great Gatsby And American Beauty, With Reference To Author'S Context And The Corruption Of The American Dream.

What Makes A Hero? A Comparison Between The Great Gatsby And American Beauty, With Reference To Author'S Context And The Corruption Of The American Dream.

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Autor:  anton  17 April 2011
Tags:  Comparison,  Between,  Gatsby
Words: 859   |   Pages: 4
Views: 406

How does one define a hero? is he someone who rescues single mothers from burning buildings? Is he someone who chases his dream no matter the consequences? Is he someone who reaches ultimate fulfillment with his life? Is he merely the main character in a piece of literature? F. Scott Fitzgerald's "The Great Gatsby" and Sam Mendes' "American Beauty" both explore these questions in a variety of different ways and it becomes clear how their vastly different backgrounds have influenced them and shaped their works.

In "American Beauty", Mendes uses symbolism in the colour red when showing us Lester Burnham's life. Lester claims, "...I have lost something. I'm not exactly sure what it is but I remember I didn't always feel this... sedated." Following this, Lester sets out to regain what he's "lost" and when, in the final scenes, he "finds" it, Mendes clearly wants us to view Lester as a hero and uses symbolism to convice us. Mendes allown the colour red to symbolise beauty from Lesters fantasies of Angela covered in red rose petals, to Lester's brand new 1970 Pontiac Firebird. "The car i've always wanted." Mendes uses this rich shade of red in nearly every scene to show that beauty is all around us if we just "look closer". When Lester discovers this beauty, we view him as a hero, just as Mendes intended.

Similarly, Fitzgerald uses symbolism in "The Great Gatsby" to compel us to see Gatsby as a hero. Nick Carraway, the narrator, notices, "I could have sworn I saw him [Gatsby] trembling... ...looking out at a single green light. Minute and far away." The light is actually one hanging from Daisy's fron tporch and the trembling indicates Gatsby's ultimate goal: Daisy. This is where Fitzgerald's social context comes through. "The Great Gatsby" was written in the Roaring Twenties, or, The Age of Excess. So named because people tended toward wild spending on luxuries and "excesses". Also, people tended to 'live in the now' and, as such, had little or no hopes, dreams or goals for the future. Right from the first chapter, Fitzgerald shows us that Gatsby DOES have a goal and therefore, is a very driven and focused man. When one considers the context, it becomes blatantly obvious Fitzgerald is creating a positive image for Gatsby to make him worthy of the term "hero".

One key technique used to explore the notion of hero is the folly of the American Dream which is hugely reflected in both texts. The American Dream is the belief that no matter your beginnings or socio-economic status, you can rise to accumulate wealth and be successful. Both main characters have, to all outward appearances, achieved the Dream and both characters discover it's corruption. In "The Great Gatsby", Nick Carraway firmly believes that Gatsby discovers the truth of the Dream in his last hours on earth, floating in the pool. "He must have felt he'd lost the warm, old world. Paid too high a price for living too long with a single dream." Fitzgerald uses this moment to convince us that Gatsby us a hero based on his final unravelling of the true nature of his existence.

The corruption of the American Dream is also used in "American Beauty" throuch contrast. This is evident in the opening scene where Lester narratively shows us his wife, Carolyn, with her matching gardening clogs and pruning gloves, tending her american beauty rooses, He then starkly contrasts this picture-perfect scene with one of himself. "There's me, jerking off on the shower. How pathetic is that. This is generally the high point of my day. It's all downhill from here." He then completes this feeling of emptiness with the quote, "...I'm this gigantic loser... ...I'm not exactly sure what it is that i have lost but i remember i didn't

always feel this... sedated." With this use of contrast, Mendes shows us that Lester is a hero, purely for seeing throught this charade.

Mendes' own personal context puts him in a unique position to comment in this corruption. Although hr made a film about American suburbia, he is actually of British background. This makes him an outsider and as such, he offers an outsider's perspectiveon such an American concept. In theory, this is an unbiased viewpoint as it is unlikely he has ever personally experienced the American Dream and, therefore, been corrupted by it. Similarly, Nick Carraway may also be considered an outsider as he originates from Western America and is unbiased by the fast, excessive and essentially corrupt lifestyle of the East. Both authors use this to effectively explore the notion of hero as this outsiders viewpoint indicates a truer account of what happened

and gives a greater sense of trust from the responder, which leads to believing the authors indication that the main characters are indeed heroes.

In the end, it is conclusive that both authors convey the message that there are many different definitions of "hero" and that the term itself is very subjective. It can be inferred that the main characters ARE heroes but the responder is left with the feeling that a hero is, in many ways, the most flawed character of all.



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