History Other / Comparing And Contrasting American Vs. French Revolution
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Autor: anton 05 March 2011
Words: 952 | Pages: 4
Comparing and contrasting the American and French Revolution
The French revolution and the American Revolution both have some similar qualities about them. Part of the reason is that they were both planned by Marquis de Lafayette. But they are also really different in other ways, because they are two different countries with different cultures and stuff. The American Revolution had a lot of help from the country France. They helped us economically and help with military. Once the American Revolution was over they became a republic and then went to Paris to sign the treaty. When the French return to their home country they realized that they didn't have the freedoms that we had and that they helped fight for. So France started to plan a revolution of their own.
The American Revolution was for the country to have freedom. Wealthy people were the ones who planned the whole thing. They were in the "Capitalist Middle Class". The "High Class" was only the British. And the "Lower Class" was all the slaves and workers and common people. The "Middle Class" wanted a different type of government. They wanted a democracy. The "Middle class" are the founders basically of the United States. They believed that they had to work hard to get their money and since they did that they should get to do whatever they want with it. But the French revolution was more about human rights. In the French revolution the "bourgeoisie" had pretty much the same idea. They would work real hard and save money. Over all the years they almost had as much money as most the nobility. And this was kind of bad because the more money they had the higher taxes would raise up. That was when the "bourgeoisie" realized that they pretty much had no freedoms. They had more money than the upper classes, the just helped the Americans get their freedom, and they have no freedom of their own. So they started planning their own revolution. The "bourgeoisie" were not the founders of the country but they were responsible for creating the revolution. The middle class lead the revolution but they didn't fight in it.
Both France and America fought the war on their own land. The British troops were not established in America though. They had to come cross the ocean witch was an advantage for the Americans because this gave them time to plan an attack and it was a warning to them so they could act accordingly. This was an advantage that the French did not have because they were fighting their own government on their own land. Their war was local. Also the Americans didn't have any countries right next to them so they were not threatened by an attack from someone else after the war. That was good because that was America's weak point. France did have this problem because a lot of countries attacked them while they were in the war. Another advantage that America had over France was that they were fighting over the "international enemy". Many countries did not like Britain. Which was good for America because no one was against them? America received a lot of help from other countries Like the French. Not only did the French send troops to fight in the war but the pretty much paid for the entire revolution. France had basically no money when the war started and America did not pay them back because they were building their own economy. The "bourgeoisie" started the revolution without help from the Americans or other countries. In fact other countries attacked them like I said before.
Religion also has a part in the comparing and contrasting of these two revolutions. This is probably the most noticeable contrast between the two revolutions. The American Revolution was not based or caused by a religion. America was "protestant" and Protestantism was very capitalist the economy. Protestantism wasn't in the way of the American Revolution. And France was catholic and Catholicism was like a monarchy and they had a very high position is the country. The bourgeoisie was fighting the king of France and also they were fighting the church of the Catholics in the revolution. So the catholic compared to Protestant was very involved with the revolution.
The Americans had plans to build a democratic government on a republic. They got the idea of democracy from Protestantism and the writings of John Locke. Since the Americans were divided into loyalists and capitalist, after the revolution the loyalist went back or got used to it while the capitalist democratic government. The people who followed the capitalist were being taught to vote or knew what voting was. That was the reason why democracy worked in America. The French want that too but the bourgeoisie did not know what a democracy was or how it worked. They did not know what voting was because a king had ruled them all of there lives and he made all of the decisions. Since the French could not start a democracy they tried sorting different called a "constitutional monarchy" were the king has to obey the laws that were made by parliament. Instead of the king doing what he wants and making all his own laws. It didn't really work at the time but it helped the French learn what a democracy was and also what a voting system is.
The American Revolution was really well planned and so they won because of that. The French revolution seemed to never end since it wasn't really organized the way that a revolution should be organized. The united states have kept there government system while the French are on their 5th type of government since their revolution had happened.
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