History Other / Government And Society: Greek Vs. Roman

Government And Society: Greek Vs. Roman

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Autor:  anton  23 March 2011
Tags:  Government,  Society
Words: 659   |   Pages: 3
Views: 819

Greek vs. Roman Government

The Ancient Greeks and Romans are two of the most influential civilizations in history. Their contributions in art, architecture, philosophy, and, warfare are still a major part of today’s society. Perhaps the most important part of these great civilizations’ history is their unique forms of government. The Roman Republic, as well as, the infamous Greek Democracy are both similar and different in a number of ways. They are alike in the way that they managed the people and their citizens had many of the same civil rights. However, the two civilizations had different was of sharing power among their leaders. Greece was a direct democracy in which almost all citizens took part in, while Rome was a republic. The styles of governing these two empires utilized and built continue to have an affect on our world today.

The Roman Republic was a form of government that included two major players. The Senate and the Assembly made up the backbone this type of rule. The Roman Senate was a group of people, often of noble birth, very similar to our present day Congress. This governing body helped to form many of the Roman laws and elected representatives to preside over different areas or tasks. Under the watchful eye of the emperor, these men essentially controlled everything that went on in Rome and its empire. The second part of the Republic was a pretty much all-inclusive group simply called the people. This group consisted of all free men who were citizens of Rome. The People group was made up of the Assembly, which had a hand in the making of laws and election of magistrates. The Assembly had great judicial power. It was somewhat like our court system today with judges and even a jury. Although there are many similarities between our present day government and the Roman Republic it lacked the efficiency of the Greek Democracy. Rome was still ruled by a monarchy and the nobles, which ultimately makes it the inferior form.

The Greeks were undeniably one of the greatest and most influential civilizations in the history of the world. Not only did they invent the form of government we still use today, they also made major advances in art, architecture, literature, and numerous other subjects that have help shape the foundation of the modern world. The Romans did their part as well but significant mark made by Greeks is arguably far more lasting and prominent. Most importantly, Greece, namely Athens, was the birthplace of Democracy. There were many contributors to this new type of rule, such as Solon. However, Pericles is the leader most accredited with first utilizing this new form of government. Greek Democracy was great because it finally allowed people to truly be a part of what went on in their community. Of course only males of a certain age were actually allowed to vote, but considering this was Ancient Greece it is understandable that equality of such people as women and minorities was a long was off. Even still, this was the first time citizens did not have to be noble or war heroes to take part in their government. This assembly was similar to the Roman Assembly in many ways. One important difference however, was that the male citizens of Greece could be more free to share their personal opinions and frequently spoke up during meetings. The numerous opportunities that were given to the people of Greece through democracy greatly overshadow the benefits of the Roman republic. Although similar in many ways, such as a group formed by the common people and the male only rule, Greek Democracy gave way to a much more powerful idea. The way our present government was set up by our forefathers was based largely on the ideas of the Ancient Greeks. The Roman republic, although an innovative and significant part of history, was not nearly as prominent and influential as the Democracy of the Ancient Greeks.



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