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Autor: anton 06 September 2010
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Teenage Suicide: How the Media Influences Teenagers
Fiction: Only "bad" kids who have the wrong friends and bad lives commit suicide. Fact: Kids who have the right friends and a bright future in front of them commit suicide. Fiction: Music, movies, and other forms of media do not influence teenagers in any way, shape, or form. Fact: Music, movies, and other forms of media are influencing teenagers to commit suicide.
Teenage suicide is on the rise at an alarming rate. While depression and other social pressures play a significant role in suicide among teenagers, there is evidence showing that music, movies, and other ways the media portrays suicide as glamorous and noble is having a major influence on teenagers considering suicide.
Every year more than 4,000 teenagers between the ages of 15 and 24 commit suicide and another 400,000 attempt suicide; the number of suicides may be even higher because many suicides are hidden by families who report the suicides as accidents or murders (Klagsburn 16). "Suicide now ranks as the third leading cause of death among people ages 15 to 24, trailing only accidents and homicides"(Worsnop 371). Over the past four decades, teenage suicide rose a staggering 200 percent (Waters 49). "Of all the suicides studied among people under 25, nearly two-thirds of them were committed with guns, teenagers who committed suicide by hanging themselves ranked second, and poisoning ranked third" (Colburn 5.)
There are many warning signs of suicide. A teenager contemplating suicide will drop numerous clues before attempting suicide. Such warning signs as withdrawal from the family, changes in eating and sleeping habits, as well as loss of interest in schoolwork or favorite activities, such as participation in athletics. Some teenagers express a preoccupation with pain, death, or suicide. They often talk of death and make actual threats to end their life. Many teenagers will drop verbal clues such as: "I might as well be dead," or "you'll be sorry when I'm gone." (Goldstein, 55.) A preparation for death may take place, for instance, giving away prized possessions (Worsnop, 372-73).
In some cases, the most ominous sign of suicidal
intent is the sudden onset of apparent peace of
mind after a long period of troubling behavior.
Such a mood change may indicate the person has
finally resolved to commit suicide and thus has
achieved a kind of tranquility. (Worsnop, 373)
There is a wide range of causes that drive teenagers to commit suicide. These causes can vary from depression to drugs to school and family pressures. According to Francine Klagsburn in her book, Too Young to Die, "No single cause can explain all suicides. Suicide is such a complex matter that it involves every aspect of life." (121) Anthropologist Edward Westermark was of the same thinking and found there are many motives including disappointed love or jealousy, illness, death of a loved one, shame, pride, anger and revenge (Choron 10). A 1986 government survey attempted to answer the question, "Is there something different [today] about the sense of despair, the sense of hopelessnessÐ’â€¦that youngsters feel suicide is a reasonable solution?" (Klagburn, 12) The survey asked experts in suicide research and prevention to list the characteristics of youth at risk of committing suicide. "Half of the respondents cited family conflicts, more than one-third mentioned physical or sexual abuse, and 17 percent named alcohol or drug abuse" (Worsnop 372). David C. Clark, director of Chicago's Center for Suicide Research and Prevention, was also quoted, citing some of the suicide triggers of an at risk teen:
In the vast majority of cases, they say, there
is an underlying mental illness that is responsible
for suicide. Clark estimates that about 25 percent
of youth suicides are due to depression, 25 percent
to alcohol or drug abuse and about 40 percent fall
into the category of conduct disorder, which involves
a long standing pattern of lying and breaking rules
at home and in school.(Trafford, 6)
Also, teens today have trouble seeing good in the world around them. The future for most teens is hard to envision let alone feel secure about. Author Jacques Choron writes in his book, Suicide:
Thus the high incidence of suicide among
adolescents is explained by their inability
to envision broad goals and perspectives
which make it hard for them to cope with
difficulties, and which is due to lack of
experience or faulty education. (73)
A major cause or contributing factor is the media. Although the media may not be a direct cause of teenage suicide, it definitely influences troubled teens and adolescents. The technological advances of today allow children and teenagers to see and hear things, which can influence them to believe that suicide is a solution. Even documentaries and movies made to deter suicide somehow subtly glamorize suicide and make it look appealing. "Television, according to one theory, leads children to expect quick answers and undermines their ability to tolerate frustration. Programs present serious problems and solve them in half an hour. Life just does not work that way" (Time 43).
There are many copycat incidents after teens view movies or hears a news broadcast about suicide. A tragic example of this is the story of Stephen Nalepa, a second-grader at Gallimore Elementary School in the Plymouth-Canton Community School District in Canton, Michigan. On Friday, March 23, 1990, second and third-graders were shown a movie titled "Nobody's Useless." The film was set in 19th century American, and it was about a young amputee who becomes depressed and tries to commit suicide twice. The first time he tried to drown himself; the second time he tried to hang himself. At the end, with the help of an older friend, he successfully learns how to deal with his depression. The night after the movie was shown to the children, Stephen's brother found him hanging by a belt from the safety rail of the upper bunk bed in his room. When he was taken to the hospital, he was pronounced dead by suffocation (Zirkel, 91).
Another example of movies having a tragic impact on teenagers happened in New York City. In September 1986, teenage suicides rose significantly two weeks after three television movies aired. There were three suicides in New York City before the airing of the movies, compared to thirteen suicides after the move (Science News, 132). "Ð’â€¦.researchers add that other studies show a significant increase in teen and adult suicides just after television reports of actual suicides, especially if the reports are repeated on different days and run by several media sources"(132).
There are some people who have realized the problem about how teenage suicide is portrayed by the media and have taken a stand against it. Dan Waters wrote the script for the movie Heathers, an offbeat comedy about teenage suicide and murder. Steve Pond wrote about Water's reasons for writing the script in the magazine Rolling Stone:
He found his theme after becoming disgusted
by the media's portrayal of teen suicide as
noble. "You would see all these motives about
teenagers wracked with all this pain," he says,
"and then they would commit suicide, and
their parents would not be sad, all their
friends would be SadÐ’â€¦That's not a deterrent.
That's every person's Ultimate fantasy- -
to see their own funeral.(Pond 38)
A Former Presidential candidate took a step toward putting youth suicide on the national agenda when he attacked music and moviemakers. He stated, "a line has been crossedÐ’â€”not just of taste, but of human dignity and decencyÐ’â€¦when teen suicide is set to an appealing beat"(Trafford,6).
Charlotte Ross, co-chairman of the National Committee for Youth Suicide and Prevention, is also quoted on the issue of movies influencing teenage suicide:
Even given the best intentions, it is easy
to see how such attractive and appealing
actors might glamorize the tragedy of suicide.
A troubled child who is highly suggestible may
see suicide as the solution.(Hutchings,88)
This nation must do something to prevent the media from influencing children and teenagers to take their lives as a solution to their problems. A possible solution would be the V chip; a chip installed into a television to rate television programs. This device would allow parents to prevent their children from watching certain shows which parents feel are too violent or inappropriate for their children to watch. Although this will not totally solve the problem, it may help bring down the suicide rate to some extent.
Teenage suicide is becoming a very prominent problem in society today. With all of the many triggers and catalysts that can influence at risk teens, the media should not glamorize the problem. Many of the programs and movies shown to try and stop suicide often tend to backfire. There may be no real way of completely filtering out these suicide "promotions," but children today should be able to turn to television for healthy, not harmful entertainment. Media is one of the biggest influences and businesses in our world and its power should be used for the betterment of society. The media often tends to glamorize certain factors within our society that can be harmful. The media in our time and our culture is so powerful that it actually influences the way people live their lives, and sometimes, the way that people die. The media within our society can influence teenage suicide rates.
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