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Autor: anton 31 December 2010
Words: 2363 | Pages: 10
ENGLISH PRESENTATION OF A PR PROGRAM: BODY DONATION
We are Science students from the Anatomy Laboratory.
We want to promote the donation of the body for medical and scientific research.
Although whole-body donation for the purposes of medical science is extremely important for medical education, the number of persons who choose to donate remains low.
We want to make conferences is your universities to manage communication with the research laboratory.
We will explain you how we plan to present this to the students and how our argumentation is built.
Our key public are the actual students of those universities which, we think, are open-minded enough and yet critical in looking at an important issue and commitment. It is also the age where personality and beliefs are building up. University students also share the same interest for research, education and science as we do and are more likely to consider the benefits with modern views
It is a subject on which most of the people don't have a personal opinion. Because it isn't a subject that is often debated. Most people don't think about what's going to happen when they die as long as they are not at the end of their life. They also have a lack of information or very poor info on the matter.
That's why we first want to focus on the importance of body donation. And explain in what it consists.
We'll first give information about anatomy research and what potential cures for diseases it can bring.
We think this point should come first because before starting to introduce ethical issues the technical explanation should be clear.
The Importance of Body Donation
Anatomy, the study of the structure of the human body, is one of the most important courses in the education of physicians, dentists, and other health professionals such as nurses and physical therapists.
In most of these fields, the study of anatomy comes first in the curriculum and serves as the foundation for other courses.
At the rate at which medical science is advancing, it is increasingly necessary for physicians and other biomedical scientists to conduct special anatomical studies and research.
Countless research and educational projects will benefit. Some examples include development of new surgical techniques and instrumentation as well as treatment and potential cures for maladies such as Asthma, Alzheimer's Disease, Cancer, Carpel Tunnel Syndrome, Diabetes, Heart Disease, Osteoporosis, Parkinson's Disease, and Rheumatoid Arthritis.
Whether donating a body to medical science for altruistic or practical reasons donation of a human body is not complicated if you know all the rules and regulations for each medical program. The two most important things to remember in all whole body donation programs are:
Ð’â€¢ No medical schools or state anatomical boards in Belgium are permitted by law to purchase bodies from families or estates.
Ð’â€¢ Physical condition of the body, and not age, is the important factor in body donation. There is usually no upper age limit in donation of a human body to medical science.
Many individuals wish to donate eyes, tissues and organs for transplantation as well as their whole body to the Anatomy Department. The donation of organs usually does not affect whole body donation, but the acceptability of the body after organs are removed will be determined by the Anatomical Donations Program in accordance with individual conditions and circumstances pertaining at the time of death. The donation of organs/tissues for transplantation takes precedence over whole body donation if both types of donations are made.
The next point would be the legal steps of the engagement. What must be done by the potential donor? We'll also show in our file a typical form which has to be filled.
We'll also distribute donor card at the exit to the students who are interested, which they have to keep on themselves all the time.
When somebody chooses to bequeath their body to science, she has to contact directly the University of her choice. A hand written document has to express this will clearly, the date and signature should be on it. The original should be given to the university and a copy should be kept.
The university will send a confirmation and a card to join to the ID so that the family or heir could be informed. At time of death, the family will have to give the copy of the document through which the deceased stated his will to leg his body to science.
The university hospitals have to be notices as fast as possible. The transfer of the corpse has to be done within the 48 hours following the death. The hospitals only accept the bodies of people who died in Belgium.
The body is retained for approximately 6 months to 2 years. After studies are completed, the body will be cremated and the ashes interred. Your family may request to have your ashes returned. The ashes will be returned by registered mail to the person who is designated on the donation form to receive them.
Concerning the charges, there is nothing to pay to the university. But all the charges linked to the obsequies are supported by the family as for a traditional burial or incineration. Social aid and death insurances will bring financial help as they usually do.
Prices and charges are reduced by an agreement in order to promote the body donation.
In this part we will also develop the essential issue of the respect of the body. A lot of people have apprehensions about how their body will be treated. It's a common thought that medical students treat the body with disrespect, play and joke with it. It's absolutely not the case. If the case occurs, we can certify that the teacher will not tolerate it. It's also important to state that all use of the body is closely supervised, and the identity of the body is known only to a few faculty and staff members. Bodies are not displayed to the public.
Respect for the Donor
Survivors may derive comfort from the knowledge that respect for those who have donated their bodies is maintained at all times. The indispensable contribution that body donors have made is fully recognized. The teaching laboratories are situated in a restricted area and only medical and dental students, faculty, staff, or other students of the health professions are authorized to use the facility.
Students are aware that the body from which they learn is a generous donation. No disrespect is permitted. All use of the body is closely supervised, and the identity of the body is known only to a few faculty and staff members. Bodies are not displayed to the public.
After the general questions it seemed important to us to speak about a more fragile subject : the religious aspects.
We propose to develop the point of views of the three most represented religions in our country. Some universities like UCL are still religious and its normal to state facts and opinions about it. We should not forget that religious values are still important in the family circle and the last word remains to them.
Catholics view organ and tissue donation as an act of charity and love. Transplants are morally and ethically acceptable to the Vatican. According to Father Leroy Wickowski, Director of the Office of Health Affairs of the Archdiocese of Chicago, "We encourage donation as an act of charity. It is something good that can result from tragedy and a way for families to find comfort by helping others." Pope John Paul II has stated, "The Catholic Church would promote the fact that there is a need for organ donors and that Christians should accept this as a 'challenge to their generosity and fraternal love' so long as ethical principles are followed."
We think its important now to break some stereotypes that make people think that Islam would be against body donation. Through our research we have seen many times that American sites state that all the religion accept or don't ban the body donation but Islam.
This is untrue, actually the religion of Islam believes in the principle of saving human lives.
It is actually in the Jewish religion that are found the strongest oppositions. It is surprising that not one American site covering this subject mentions itÐ’â€¦
The religion of Islam believes in the principle of saving human lives.
According to A. Sachedina in his Transplantation Proceedings' (1990) article, Islamic Views on Organ Transplantation, "the majority of the Muslim scholars belonging to various schools of Islamic law, have invoked the principle of priority of saving human life and have permitted the organ transplant as a necessity to procure that noble end."
Ð’â€¢ The autopsy is allowed only if it is truly necessary to determine the cause of death.
Ð’â€¢ The family has to give their agreement to the autopsy.
Ð’â€¢ The body has to be treated with respect.
Ð’â€¢ Only the organs that have to be examined can be taken removed. Those have to be put back in the body..
The Islamic religion encourages the discovery of new scientific knowledge and thus of medical research, especially if it would be beneficial to a Muslim.
After many debates during the two past centuries, the conclusion is that autopsy is permitted in case of the identification of the cause of death could help another person to live, a person that is in a immediate need. This excludes the benefits that could be taken from a autopsy for the future society. The autopsy to deepen medical knowledge is strictly prohibited. In any case it is important that the deceased is buried without delay and all the organs have to be replaced in the body before.
The reasons to ban autopsy are:
Ð’â€¢ The post-mortem examination is seen as a desacralisation of the deceased and is forbidden in the bible.
Ð’â€¢ The soul suffers during the autopsy because she's deeply linked to the body.
Ð’â€¢ The body is sacred. Even the examination of a child born dead is forbidden.
Ð’â€¢ If part of the body is not buried with the rest of the body, we violate the order to bury the deceased and the biblical order to put into earth the body the day of the death. The soul cannot rest in peace if the whole body doesn't return to ashes.
Ð’â€¢ The majority of the rabbins agree to say that dissection to study anatomy is forbidden because one cannot beneficiate of another one's death.
Ð’â€¢ The autopsy could be allowed if we have the certitude that we could save the life of a person who's life is in immediate danger. The autopsy to save a person in the future is forbidden.
Ð’â€¢ The autopsy in case of hereditary sickness is allowed because the family members are considered to be in immediate danger.
Ð’â€¢ If the person clearly stated that she consented to autopsy, then it is permitted.
We also want to give an evaluation of public attitudes and opinions towards the body donations by stating and denying the most common myths.
We repeat the benefits and conclude.
Why we talk about thatÐ’â€¦ and why will it help to influence opinion and sustain a positive image
Conclusion that it will learn something to the students and open their minds to new possibilities, and bring help to research, blablablabla..
The public trust
Despite the fact people have been donating bodies for medical applications for many generations; the concept still stirs controversy and fascination.
Today, many journalists mistreat this subject trying to make a name for themselves. The truth is, organizations that violate the public trust only have the luxury of making that error once. Abuses in the industry not only destroy the reputation of those that are responsible, but also affect the public's willingness to donate for any purpose-including organ and tissue transplantation.
As you have probably noticed, we have repeated frequently throughout this conference our adherence to the Federal regulations pertaining to the donation process. We also emphasize on the respect we have for the ones who donated their body.
Our desire is to help the public make informed decisions regarding body donation. We advice you to carefully research all of your options, visit facilities, and ask many questions. Don't rely on accusations from authors and reporters that thrive on shock value. Use your own best judgment and share you decision with your loved ones.
"We'd like to think that our physicians have learned where the various parts of the body are before they start trying to figure out where everything is on the patients. People who make donations to the program understand there's no better way to train the physicians of tomorrow."
Ð’â€” Dr. Glenn Wilson, Chairman, Department of Cell Biology and Neuroscience
"I can't imagine learning anatomy in any other way. The human body is so complex and unique, and you can't get that from a book. There's no book and no author who can capture anatomy like that."
Ð’â€” Adam Anz, second-year medical student
"I always tell students, the quickest way to get dismissed from this program is to do anything that would be an act of disrespect to a body. These people have made a significant sacrifice to their educational process and disrespect is not tolerated. However, I've never seen a student act in disrespect toward a body. Our students are very professional."
- Dr. Glenn Wilson, Chairman, Department of Cell Biology and Neuroscience
"They're introduced to us as our first patient. We're taught to treat them with the utmost respect. It teaches us to honor life from the very beginning of our education."
Ð’â€” Misty Wilson, second-year medical student
"After taking the class, I acquired an appreciation and respect for people who have done this. I've decided to donate my own body. It's the last way you can give something to someone else."
Ð’â€” Adam Anz, second-year medical student
"My father was an unselfish person. He would help anybody. He gave all he had - physically, financially, and emotionally. And as his last act of giving he donated his body for medical study, so we can hopefully find new medical procedures and cures."
Ð’â€” Katherine McDonald, daughter of Sergeant Major Ron McDonald, Anatomical Gifts donor
Cf. The Pope Speaks, Volume 3, page 205, May 14, 1956. "Body donation benefits the lives of many human beings and is an expression of some of the deepest religious values."
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