Psychology / Alzheimers
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Autor: anton 18 September 2010
Words: 400 | Pages: 2
March 5th, 2005
Alzheimerâ€™s Disease; Memory
Dementia is a progressive brain dysfunction. The clinical definition of dementia is "a deterioration in intellectual performance that involves, but is not limited to, a loss in at least 2 of the following areas: language, judgment, memory, visual or depth perception, or judgment interfering with daily activities" (Institute,1996, p.4)
The most common form of dementia among older people is Alzheimer's disease. Some symptoms may include memory loss, inability to perform routine tasks, mood changes, personality changes, often difficulty in using the right words, and difficulty understanding what people say. This disease is named after a man named, Dr. Alzheimer. He noticed in 1906 changes in womenâ€™s brain tissue after they passed away from an unusual mental illness. He had found tangled bundles of fiber and abnormal clumps, which today are now signs of Alzheimerâ€™s disease. (http://www.alz.co.uk/alzheimers/)
Alzheimer's is one of the most common and most feared diseases spread among the elderly community. it was once thought to be a natural part of aging, but in reality it is a severely debilitating form of mental dementia. Although some other forms of dementia are curable or effectively treatable, there is currently no cure for the Alzheimerâ€™s. It begins at first with symptoms and it starts slowly. One of the first symptoms may be some forgetfulness. Activities, names of people they have known, or names of things they are familiar with are often forgotten. Scientists have researched and now think that as many as 4.5 million Americans suffer from Alzheimerâ€™s. http://www.alz.co.uk/alzheimers/) The initial symptoms of the disease are usually brushed off as a natural part of aging. People often think that a person's memory worsens over time, that is just a myth (Myers,1996, p.100-101). The victims are mostly over the age of 65 and many delay treatment by blaming their problems on age. Most patients end up in a full care nursing home. Eight years is the average time of death from the time that a patient is diagnosed. Families are often able to care for their loved ones on an average of four years (Alzheimer's, 1996,p.44) During the progression of the disease an average number of about ten to fifteen percent of patients hallucinate and suffer delusions, ten percent will become violent and another ten percent will suffer from seizures (Alzheimer's,1996,p.46).
Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referal Centre. (1996).Internet.http:www.alzheimers. org/adear.drct.txt
Myers, David.(1996).Exploring Psychology.New York: Worth.
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