Religion / Freedom Of Religion In Public Schools
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Autor: anton 09 November 2010
Words: 1732 | Pages: 7
In recent years teaching or the individual practice of religion in school has become a very controversial topic. There are many different views on this matter and even more opinions on how it should be handled. There are people on both sides of the spectrum, there are those who believe that it should be taught and allowed in school, and there are those who believe it should not be taught or practiced in school. There have been cases brought to court about how religion should be taken out of schools, or if it should be allowed. There are many differences that cause concern between public schools and private or religious schools regarding education. For example, could it be that single Ð²Ð‚â€œ sex schools (which are only seen in private institutions) have better academic achievement because there is less distraction? Or maybe it is the fact that private school students are selectively picked, and therefore start out with better chances of succeeding. (Institute for Policy Research, 1998) Students have the right to pray individually or in groups or to discuss their religious view with their peers.
In God We Trust on the dollar bill, The Ten Commandments at a state court house, these are things over the past years that you might have heard in the news causing some controversy. As current events go on, the Separation of Church and State is being brought into light more and more every day. When the United States Constitution was founded in the 18th century, many liberties were given to its citizens. One of those rights was the freedom of religious persecution, and the right to practice whatever you believe in. As the months turned into years, and the years turned into centuries, we have been brought to present times. The controversy seems to be piling up these days, but to understand the controversy today we must understand the history and the concept of the Separation of Church and State. (www.azetc.com). Before the government provided formal schools and programs of education, religion had been a major part of every person's education. As public schools started, this teaching of faiths continued with the practice of prayer before class and bible reading sessions. Were those actions taken in these classes constitutional, or did the practicing of religious activities deny people the freedom of religion guaranteed in the constitution? Many of those who find prayer and religion in school offensive say that it is a violation of their rights. Mr. Justice Black of the United States Supreme Court, once said, "The First Amendment has erected a wall between the Church and State which must be keeping high and impregnable. Those in support of religious teachings in public schools see participation in theological activities as a chance to teach morals, community ethics, and peace over violence. Nevertheless, the achievement of those goals through the denial of basic rights is wrong. Today's society is, fast paced, competitive, and based totally on equality. It might well be said that oneÐ²Ð‚â„¢s education is not complete without a study of comparative religion or the history of religion and its relationship to the advancement of civilization. It might well be said that the bible is worthy of study for its literary and historical qualities.
Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens also made the statement: Ð²Ð‚ÑšNothing in the Constitution as interpreted by this court prohibits any public school student from voluntary praying at any time before, during or after the school dayÐ²Ð‚Ñœ. Many religious groups including the American Federation of Teachers and the National Education Association suggest that a higher emphasis be placed on religion comparatively. (Arguments against school prayer. (2006). Retrieved on October 3, 2006, from http://www.allabouthistory.org/arguments-against-school-prayer-faq.htm.) The National Center for history in the schools encourages teaching religion. The current United States President George W. Bush stated, I support the constitutionally guaranteed right of all students to express their faith freely and participate in voluntary student-led prayer. This was stated after the Supreme Court told Texas public schools cannot have student-led prayer at football games. Through these statements one can see, there are three main areas of religious activity in the school system that many people would benefit from. Through each one come certain characteristics that make them both beneficial and permissible as stated by the United States Government. These three main areas are religion in the classroom, or religious teaching, religion in extracurricular activities, and religion in the everyday atmosphere and activities of the school. ( Hernandez, E. I., Sikkink, D. (2003). Religion matters. University of Notre Dame, 2003(1), 12, 21- 22, 31- 38. Retrieved September 27, 2006, from http://www.nd.edu/~cslr/research/pubs/Sikkink_paper.)
Those who are against prayer in schools also say that religion is private, and schools are public, so the only appropriate situation is that these two do not mix. They also say that introducing religion in public schools would build walls between children who may not have been aware of religious differences before. (Gaylor, A. L. (1995). If we were to allow prayer in the classroom our constitutional rights as defined by the first amendment, separating church and state would be violated. This would contradict what weÐ²Ð‚â„¢ve built our country on. It would take us a step back from being a free country. At that point we would be under a totally different political system and everything past generations have fought for would be for nothing. Allowing the separation of church and state to parish would place our country in the same turmoil that Mid-eastern countries are experiencing. It would impose the same kind of separation of people that apartheid has imposed in Africa, based on beliefs instead of their skin color. There may not be the same actions taken such as in slavery but there would be a great amount of persecution as is being experienced in Africa and the Mid-east.
Historically, religion was one of the main fundamentals that caused America to become its own country let alone allowed it to survive. Much of the constitution is based on religious laws followed by the people of the soon to be country of America (Zacharias, 2). And this country obviously still has religious based laws and an originally based religious people but yet we cannot have a religious based environment for students in a public school? (Glenn, 5)
Religion in the Public School Curriculum: Questions and Answers, which was issued by a coalition of 17 major religious and educational organizations,...describes the importance of religion in the curriculum through this statement: Because religion plays a significant role in history and society, study about religion is essential to understanding both the nation and the world. Omission of facts about religion can give the students the false impression that the religious life of humankind is insignificant or unimportant (Haynes, 2). Thus showing that religion was a vital part of the foundation of the United States. If we no longer have a separation of church and state than our government and schools would no longer have the freedom of speech we all enjoy. If people want to see religion in schools they should send their children to private schools where religion is allowed because the school is funded privately and not by the government. As long as public schools are funded by the tax payers and because we have a separation of church and state than our individual religious rights are protected from a state enforced religion. ( Religion in schools. (2006). Retrieved September 13, 2006, from http://edweek.org/rc/issues/religion-in-schools.) Not everyone believes in the same thing and they never will. It is a fundamental American right to be free and pursue happiness and not to be oppressed to believe in only one thing that others want you to believe in.
To my mind there arises two cases on why we personally donÐ²Ð‚â„¢t want more freedom of religion in schools and that is: either from failure to understand the task and lack or spiritual enlightenment, or from their own indifference to contemplative achievement and jealousy lest others who are at a low level in comparison with themselves shouldnÐ²Ð‚â„¢t be out distance from a higher knowledge. It is a great pity that those who hold this conviction do not investigate the teaching of the Holy Fathers on the matter, for they ought to teach not to fear nor to doubt while they are still in schools. President Clinton once said Ð²Ð‚ÑšÐ²Ð‚Â¦.Schools do more than train childrenÐ²Ð‚â„¢s minds. They also help to nurture their souls by reinforcing the values they learn at home and in their communities. I believe that one of the best ways we can help out schools to do this by supporting studentsÐ²Ð‚â„¢ rights to voluntarily practice their religious beliefs, including prayer in schoolsÐ²Ð‚Â¦.For more than 200 years, the First Amendment has protected our religious freedom and allowed many faiths to flourish in our homes, in our work place and in our schools. Clearly understood and sensibly applied, it works.Ð²Ð‚Ñœ
With all of these conflicting perspectives, it is understandable why religion in education is such a controversial topic. There are such strong arguments for both sides that after researching this topic, I can see both sides of the debate and why it is an ongoing issue. I think that after thoroughly investigating this topic, the government takes the appropriate approach to religion in education. The government allows for freedom of expression, while preventing the teachers from influencing the students with their religious beliefs. As for public school versus private, religious school, there are many positives and negatives that I have presented to both of
the schools, as with any big decision in life. I think this topic really demonstrates the fact that everyone is different, which causes people to make different decisions. It is my opinion that in order for children to dissimilate laws within society, we should incorporate Bible courses in the public schools. I feel public schools should make a conscious effort to teach about religion, but without engaging in devotional practices or teaching a particular viewpoint. All public schools should teach doctrines from each of the major religions in order for our future generations to understand and appreciate one another. If religious texts are not taught in the objective environment of our academic institution then how can our children posses effective decision-making skills?
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