Science / Critical Thinking
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Autor: anton 03 December 2010
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Critical Thinking Application
Carlos R. Ponce
University of Phoenix
Derek C. Osborne
MGT / 350 Critical Thinking: Strategies in Decision Making
December 7, 2006
Critical Thinking Application
Applying critical thinking as a strategy for decision making requires the learning of the proper application processes to take the most assertive and sounds decisions in any given situation or as a mean to achieve a goal or objective. Thinking is the primal process the individual need in order to live in the day-to-day or better yet in a second-by-second basis. Training and education in the skills of problem solving and critical thinking skills (Martin, S.) will play a mayor role in our path through the University of Phoenix as we prepare ourselves for the future. The thinking process is basically applied in all actions we perform as human beings. By thinking we communicate our ideas, our desires, and our needs. By thinking we receive information, ideas, and data to be processed. Thinking requires the visualization and the perception of all possible angles of any given situation. Perception takes a significant position in the thinking process. In order to think or analyze a situation we need to somehow process all the available information as means of available data to be scrutinized and analyzed to take a final step towards taking a decision. Minute information that individuals perceive as non important can have critical relevance in a decision making process. Personal Barriers can influence the way we take decisions, because of different background each of us as individuals are raised. These unique barriers can prevent and have an effect in a making a sound and clear decision. Enculturation as a barrier plays an important role in decision making as well. Depending in the circle of influence each individual has been raised (school, religion, geographical position) become obstacles for a clear and sound decision making. The personal experience described in this particular situation, relates to the process of preparing an annual strategic plan for a department I was managing in a manufacturing plant in Juarez. The operational strategic plan for this company was prepared after the annual financial statements cycle closed at the end of the year. The process required the collection of historical, forecasted and actual data as part of the processing information for the strategic planning. Strategic planning involves the gathering of data to define objectives and develop strategies to reach those objectives by reviewing the progress with the use of scorecard in a monthly basis. The preparation of a strategic plan employs several methods involving thorough analysis of data, schedules and special events that need to be considered in order to plan for possible deviations or gaps in the information fluctuations that need to be considered in order to be as assertive as possible with the proposed key objectives. The aftermath of this process will help the financial forecast of a company to be as close to reality as possible. The analytical approach of this process, in preparing a strategic plan involves relentless application of critical thinking. In the employment of the several processes critical thinking as a strategic for decision making plays a mayor role in each of the steps as you take and prepare a process of this magnitude. The strategic planning process involves a considerable amount of time due to the critical thinking it requires. In the application of critical thinking as a strategy for decision making is very time consuming because of the amount of considerations you have to include to prepare for a futuristic set of financial events, or forecasted set of events planned to take place as accurately as possible. This process of strategic planning has to be planned to occur with a marginal percentage of error in order to succeed. Critical thinking as a strategy for decision making, give the individuals the consideration of the big picture of variables. It provides the broad visualization of the issues to be thoroughly analyzes in a critical thinking approach. As variables in a critical thinking process we need to challenge and question information that somehow represent assumptions in our thinking process. Other variable in a critical thinking process are emotions, and like assumptions they have to be questioned and challenged before making a decision.
A good decision is the outcome of nothing more than a fine execution the critical thinking strategy for decision making process. Critical thinking is not an outcome of thoughts put together to get to a superior conclusive decision rather the following of the steps to apply a critical thinking approach to a decision making. In conclusion good and outstanding decisions are well thought out strategically by the process of Critical Thinking as a strategic approach for decision making.
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