Science / Crohn’S Disease

Crohn’S Disease

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Autor:  anton  10 March 2011
Tags:  Crohns,  Disease
Words: 701   |   Pages: 3
Views: 1005

What is Crohn’s Disease? Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This disease can occur at any time. Crohn’s disease can affect any part of the gastrointestinal system, from the mouth to the anus. Crohn’s can cause other medical problems outside the intestine, including arthritis, skin condition, cancer, kidney stones, and gallstones. Many people that have this disease live a normal life without worries. This disease appears at the age of 15 to 30, or less often at ages of 45 to 60. Crohn’s disease is less common in Eastern Europeans. In many parts of the world, men and women seem to get ulcerative colitis in equal numbers, but in most parts Crohn’s disease is somewhat more common in women than men. Studies say that inflammatory bowel disease estimates the number of cases in North America to range from 10 per 100,000 to 1,000 per 100,000. This disease occurs in 1950s and 1060s.[???]

Until today, doctors tried many studies to find out what caused this disease, but still haven’t found an answer for it.[??] Multiple abnormalities of the immune system have, in fact, been detected in people with IBD. Inflammatory bowel disease is due to an infection which is caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites. Crohn’s disease is extraordinary, like intestinal tuberculosis which is caused by a bacterium. Smoking can increase factors for Crohn’s disease. Crohn’s disease is due to an inadequate supply of oxygen to one or more parts of the intestine as a result of inflammation and blockage of small blood vessels within the intestine. Symptoms are things that you can feel and tell your doctor. Pain, poor appetite, nausea, and diarrhea are common symptoms of IBD. Signs are what your doctor observes like rash, being pale, and blood into the toilet are all common signs of IBD. Some 70 to 80% of the patients with small-bowel Crohn’s disease complain of cramps and abdominal pain, diarrhea, and weight loss. People quickly learn how to avoid the pain by avoiding some types of foods. IBD is diagnosed by several tests that can be done, like sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy, and air-contrast barium enema. Sigmoidoscopy involves passing and instrument through the anus into the rectum, and then into the sigmoid colon. It allows the doctor to see the inner lining of the bowel. Colonoscopy is looking into the colon, where the doctor can examine all of the colon. It can be used to diagnose IBD and determine how much of the colon is inflamed. Air-contrast Barium Enema is an X-ray of the colon. After the colon is appropriately cleansed, a short plastic tube is inserted into the rectum and through the anus. Basically it shows the inner lining of the colon to see if it’s irregular instead of smooth. There are many other tests that can be done, but these are the main ones for better results of diagnosing IBD. Once you’re diagnosed with IBD through tests, and other diseases have been ruled out, the next thing on your mind is, “How can I treat it?” The way you can treat this problem is if you change your diet. Avoid spicy, greasy foods, and dairy products. If you avoid eating period, you will lose weight and that is wrong, because other medical problems can occur. Maintain a well-balanced diet and take your medication on time daily; that can avoid inflammation in the bowel. If you fail to keep a good diet, you’re not treating yourself or the disease. These poor standards will lead to surgery. Drugs that are given to those who are diagnosed with this disease are sulfasalazine to control inflammation in the colon. Perdnisolone is a form of steroids that gives you an appetite, energy, and strengthens your muscles. But if use steroids long-term, in the long run you can start to lose bone density, develop diabetes, need to have a hip replaced, etc. After you get better, avoid taking the steroids and you won’t have these complications in the long run.

To avoid any flare ups, just avoid the things that you can’t eat, and also avoid certain types of alcoholic beverages, and keep a healthy diet.

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