Social Issues / Death: Is It Really Your Choice?
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Autor: anton 17 December 2010
Words: 972 | Pages: 4
The word euthanasia comes from the greek-eu, â€œgood,â€ and thanatos, â€œdeath,â€ But the term has acquired a more complex meaning in recent times (Humphry). Dr. Jack Kevorkian, a pathologist states that, â€œPhysician-assisted suicide is the provision by a doctor, consciously or legally, to a patient who has competently requested it, of the means for that patient to end his or her own lifeâ€. He, like many other doctors that perform euthanasia, can be considered either a killer or an advocate for terminally-ill patients. Although euthanasia can be assumed to be an easy way out of life, people struggling from medical conditions that cause extreme suffering should be allowed the option. Therefore, assisted suicide should be legalized in the United States.
As McCuen states,â€ Physician-assisted suicide leaves no doubt as to the fact that the patient has the final decisionâ€. In 1988, Kevorkian invented what is known as the â€œsuicide machineâ€ that allowed the patient to pull a switch and release a great deal of drugs into their system. For this reason, Michigan revoked Mr. Kevorkianâ€™s medical license three years later and he was no longer able to write prescriptions for lethal medications. As a result, doctors began the use of carbon monoxide in assisted suicides. (Humphry). This was not the first sign of activity, though. In fact, in ancient societies, ill people requested to have their dying hastened, though the meaning of euthanasia for them differed from the meaning today. This differs because of new technology and social, scientific, and moral beliefs of American society (McCuen 15).
Britain began the first present-day look into euthanasia in the late 1930â€™s. Doctors called for the active killing of patients in the vegetative state (PVS), so their organs could be used for transplantation to save the lives of others. This stirred up much controversy in the 1970â€™s though, making the public question â€œthe reliability and even the definition of the diagnosis of the PVSâ€ (McCord 15).
Currently, Oregon is the only state in America to allow medical suicide and this occurred in 1994. The ballot was called the Oregon Death with Dignity Act (ODWDA) and it set forward a number of requirements for the prescription of â€œmedicalâ€ killers, including the concurrence of two qualified physicians and the written consent of the patient (McCord 17). ODWDA also required Oregon to issue an annual summary of euthanasia practices in the state; the 2005 report, issued by the Oregon Department of Human Services, states that in the seven years since the lawâ€™s enactment, 208 patients have taken their lives with a lethal dose of â€œmedicineâ€ (McCuen 48). In addition, the permitted disconnection/declining use of life support, or â€œLiving Willsâ€ began shortly after euthanasia went public (Freer, M.D.).
Similarly, both Belgium and the Netherlands have joined the fight for assisted suicide. In April of 2001, the senate enacted a law that made the Netherlands the first country to allow euthanasia to suffering patients. Their law stated that doctors must be convinced that the patientâ€™s request is well-considered and voluntary, that the illness is unbearable, have reached the conclusion that there is not any other reasonable alternative and that the doctor has carried out the procedure in a medically appropriate fashion (Ireland). Twenty-five thousand deaths a year or 19.4 % of all deaths in the Netherlands are caused by euthanasia many of which are sick children, handicapped newborns, AIDS patients and psychiatric patients (McCuen 74). This may sound like a large number but in a report published in the 1990â€™s, Dutch doctors rejected 6.700 requests of euthanasia which shows that it is seriously considered and not too easily granted (McCuen 79).
Nevertheless, the subject of aided death is a huge controversy in todayâ€™s world. Some think that â€œLegalizing the deliberate killing of humans (other than in legitimate self defense/war or possibly for the heinous of crimes) fundamentally undermines the basis of law and public moralityâ€ (Beale and Horner M.D.). Although this is a valid opinion, one must think of life as a personal responsibility and if someone cannot deal with certain aspects of it then he or she should be brought inner peace, even if it means death. If someone is ill and requests assistance in dying even for the most upsetting reasons, it is looked down upon in America. Doctors like Kevorkian who aid in death, can face charges of second-degree murder or life in prison. Also, the opposition claims that if the United States allowed assisted suicide, it would pressure elderly or dependent relatives and their families to â€œtake the honorable courseâ€ and â€œnot be a burdenâ€. But, John Bartholow, a man that put his own wife to rest, states that â€œMost of us trust that we will die peacefully in our sleep at an old age, but frankly, the odds are against it.â€
From a religious perspective, dying decently and rationally is very important. Christians believe that God is the only one with the right to give or take away life so active euthanasia is considered an illicit exercise (Dubose 16). In the Bible, God suffered through spiritual maturity and enduring suffering is a way to be seen as one of Godâ€™s children. The pain one endures is never meant to get better but church and prayer are meant to make suffering positive and use it for good (Dubose 17).
Unquestionably, the United States government should legalize euthanasia to provide a final rest for people dying of incurable diseases. Death is one of lifeâ€™s most sure things but people, personally, should be able to decide when it is time to go on. Euthanasia is a humane and fair process and it should be available to the people that need it most.
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