Social Issues / Hispanic American Diversity
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Autor: anton 10 December 2010
Words: 1887 | Pages: 8
Hispanic American Diversity
Hispanic Americans cultural diversity is emulated in the various groups as well as in the origins of the individual cultures. Hispanic cultures have been swayed to different degrees by many traditions. Unification attempts of Hispanic Americans have often been tense among the various Hispanic American subgroups. Mexican Americans, Puerto Ricans and Cuban Americans have very little in common. Most Hispanic Americans identify with other minority groups much easier than with other Hispanics.
Cuban Americans are often affiliated politically with Jewish Americans while Puerto Ricans have similar affiliations with African Americans. Mexican Americans and Puerto Ricans are apt to favor liberal nominees in national and state elections while Cuban Americans are notorious for their powerful conservative ethics. As the Puerto Rican community becomes more educated, political activity expands. Further circumstances like the advent of bilingual programs, the steady arrival of certain kind of religious organizations, and the appointment of politically productive officials make it easier and beneficial to take part in the political process. Puerto Ricans have many similar rights as any other U.S. citizen. Puerto Ricans can not vote for the president even though they are citizens of the United States. They are excluded from paying federal income tax also. Though some of the privileges associated with citizenship have been withheld from Puerto Ricans, they are allowed â€œâ€¦unrestricted U.S. Migrationâ€¦[which has] made New York city the one place with the most Puerto Ricans anywhere in the world (over one million)â€ This immigration privilege is something many Hispanics would love to have. Cuban Americans, particularly in the Miami vicinity, tend to be considerably further cautious politically than other Latino groups and shape a dominant voting obstruction for the Republican Party in the state of Florida. They tend to back conservative political ideologies and support the Republicans. Many Cuban Americans have assimilated into mainstream culture. They are politically active with three members in the House of Representatives and two Senators in the Senate. They are economically auspicious in establishing business cartels and emanating political influence by converting Miami from a retirement community into a prevalent city with explicit Hispanic essence. Venezuelan Americans are not currently active on the federal government level but many have established careers in local politics and government.
Possible similarities can be disguised by intellectual differences usually. Most Hispanic Americans speak Spanish, though each subgroup has adapted its own pronunciation and slang from its homeland to their own exclusive situation. Spanish is the second most widely spoken language in the United States. Mexican Americans typically speak Spanish and are being taught, in bilingual classes, the English Language. As of 2002, about 23 % of Mexican Americans are English dominant, 26% are bilingual, and 51% are Spanish dominant, 51 percent are Spanish dominant. Puerto Ricans in the United States tend to be more English-language oriented, with 39%, English-dominant, 40% bilingual and 21% percent Spanish dominant. Puerto Ricans are typically very proficient in both English and Spanish which makes life for them somewhat easier. Among the Hispanics born abroad, 74.3% said that they could speak either Spanish or Spanish better than English; however, while those born elsewhere have a stronger ability with Spanish, more than half have some English ability as well.
Salvadorans, Dominicans, Colombians, and other Central and South Americans tend to be more Spanish dominant and they are also more likely to be more recent immigrants. Not all Central and South Americans have Spanish as their native tongue; for example, immigrants from Brazil speak Portuguese, immigrants from French Guyana speak French, and those from Suriname speak Dutch. Nationally, about 70% percent of Latino schoolchildren report speaking Spanish at home.
Hispanic Americans are members of the Roman Catholic Church but they also have their own cultural religions of their own groups. Catholicism is the religion of choice for a large portion of Mexican Americans. Religion for Puerto Ricans is as diverse as their Anglo-American counterparts. Puerto Ricans may be Baptist, Catholic, Methodist, Muslim, or any of the other worlds religions. Most Cuban Americans are members of the Roman Catholic Church because of their Spanish influence.
Most Venezuelan Americans are catholic, but do not attend services and other church functions as frequently as other Hispanic groups. Many religious traditions exist but are a combination of religious and secular ways.
Mexican Americans also comprise one of the most circumspect underprivileged groups in the United States, with a normal household income more than 40% below the similar average for non-Hispanic whites.
Many Puerto Ricans that live on mainland United States live in or around New York City. Mexican Americans are the largest subgroup of Hispanic Americans with Puerto Ricans coming in second and Cuban Americans in third place. Cubans have come a long way in society compared to many Hispanic cultures. They have persevered through a tyrannical political leader and economic hard ship. They have come across 90 miles of ocean to reach the shores of Florida and their freedom. The Cuban Americans have come to the United States and gave up many of their traditions, and through assimilation, they have made a better life for themselves.
The familial values of Mexican Americans are different from those of the normal values held by U.S. citizens. The core of the Mexican-American social structure lies with the family. Women, while greatly revered, are still seen as secondary to their husbands; the husbands are seen as the authority figure and the decision-maker for the family. Families are typically very large and the extended family is considered just as important as the immediate family. Mexican Americans have such strong bonds with their families that is greatly interferes with their individuality and their ability to assimilate into mainstream culture. The Cuban family is distinguished by the elder, powerful parental authority over children's lives, and the importance of relationships for the family. Families are headed by women.
The expanded family is idealized and comparably common among Cubans of all gregarious classes. However, in many cases, the family is the essential detachment of the social network. Men usually have all the control, but many Cuban women are direct and explicit in public and private. Age, social status, and education are valued. Both within and without families, compliance may be given to the elderly, persons of higher social distinction, and those with higher education.
The familial values of Venezuelan Americans are different from those of a typical American family. Family ties are strong, their children are taught at an early age to view the family as the key unit of society. These ties sometimes make it hard for Venezuelan Americans to integrate or assimilate into mainstream society, though many do so with ease.
Formation of a unified Hispanic identify is a contribution of social forces regardless of their differences. The creation of a single Hispanic identity by the government is encouraged instead of providing specialized services to each individual Hispanic group. Hispanic American politicians have forged political alliances amount the different Hispanic groups in an attempt to find common ground.
Hispanics are a compilation of several subgroups that are descended from various countries of Mexico, Cuba, Puerto Rico and Central and South America. Hispanic Americans come from different cultural backgrounds. They lag way behind non-Hispanics when it comes to education and employment opportunities. Although Hispanic Americans share the same language of Spanish, each groupâ€™s cultures and traditions are varied and divergent.
Hispanic Americans. http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761585657/Hispanic_Americans.html (Accessed March 3, 2007)
Mexican Americans. http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761585657/Hispanic_Americans.html#s3 (Accessed March 3, 2007)
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Mexican Americans. http://www.answers.com/topic/mexican-american (Accessed March 3, 2007)
Puerto Ricans. http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761585657/Hispanic_Americans.html#s4 (Accessed March 3, 2007)
The Puerto Rican Community: From Neighbors to Citizens. http://www.trincoll.edu/~tosorio/puerto.htm (Accessed March 3, 2007)
Puerto Ricans in the United States. http://www.answers.com/topic/puerto-ricans-in-the-united-states-1 (Accessed March 3, 2007)
Cuban Americans. http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761585657/Hispanic_Americans.html#s5 (Accessed March 3, 2007)
Cuban Americans. http://www.answers.com/topic/cuban-american (Accessed March 3, 2007)
Other Hispanic Americans. http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761585657_2/Hispanic_Americans.html#s6 (Accessed March 3, 2007)
Hispanic American Cultural Diversity. http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761585657_2/Hispanic_Americans.html#s7 (Accessed March 3, 2007)
The Puerto Rican Community: From Neighbors to Citizens
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