Social Issues / Support The Claim That Deviance Is A Social Construction
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Autor: anton 13 March 2011
Words: 554 | Pages: 3
Support the claim that deviance is a social construction
Deviance must have 3 things, expectation (the rules that society create), Violation, Reaction (society reacts, what are the consequences)
Supporting that deviance is socially constructed recognizes that people can only understand the world in terms of words and categories that they create and share with one another.
This understanding comes about by assigning meaning to these words and categories and interpreting these meanings in a social context.
Merton locates the root of deviance in the social structure of society, but not within the individual. Social structures create a condition in which the individuals learn what good things society has to offer, and how to legitimately, or legally, attain them; if the individual attains these items legitimately, then he conforms, if he attains them illegitimately, then he is deviant.
When people have a steak in conformity, they are less likely to behave defiantly.
The self is a social process. It enables human action.
The â€œsocial selfâ€ is a two part relationship consisting of the â€œIâ€ and â€œMeâ€. The â€œIâ€ looks inward at how a person perceives them self and the â€œMeâ€ looks outward studying how others perceive them.
An individual can influence how people view them; this is called the â€œpresentation of selfâ€-how will you let others perceive you, based on how you present yourself. It can be the way you dress, talk, or act.
This is important to understand when studying deviance because based on how a person presents them self, they will be labeled. They could be labeled normal, deviant, or anything else based on how they present them self.
According to Erving Goffman, â€œstigma refers to an attribute that is deeply discrediting.â€ Would Goffman agree that a major depressive disorder that is managed by medication is a deeply discrediting attribute? Support your answer from Goffmanâ€™s point of view.
Yes, Goffman would agree with that statement. Goffman would say that person with a major depressive disorder is discreditable. Goffman states that blemishes of personal character discredit a person, and a major depressive disorder is a blemish of personal character. Therefore, he would agree with the statement.
Explain how a person with a discreditable stigma manages social interactions using an example of your choice.The example I will use to explain how a person with a discreditable stigma manages social interactions is a homosexual man who has not revealed his sexual identity. Since people he do not know his sexual identity because it has not been revealed, and he does not want it to be revealed, at least not yet. In order to keep his and Lemert and Kituseâ€™s three stage deviant career path. Does this model explain the deviant career of a girl gang member? Support your answer.
Primary stage- the individual engages in behavior that is considered deviant or experiences a stigmatizing attribute, but does not take on a deviant identity.
Secondary stage- An individual is labeled deviant due to specific behaviors or attributes; oneâ€™s self concepts are altered, deviant identity is internalized; deviant identity becomes oneâ€™s master status; management strategies are learned and practiced
Tertiary stage- An individual continues the deviant behavior or stigmatizing attribute, but rejects the deviant label; moves from the internalization of the deviant label and behaving accordingly to identifying the deviant label (not the behavior itself) as a social construction, and embraces the behavior or attribute.
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