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Autor: anton 25 March 2011
Words: 2077 | Pages: 9
United Nations: Neglectful, Corrupted, and Unfair
The United Nations came into existence immediately following the end of the Second World War. The creation of this organization promised a new era of peace and justice, a promise that its predecessor, the League of Nations failed to keep. However, despite the UNÐŽÐ‡s attempt at delivering its intentions, the UN had in fact demonstrated itself to be an extremely ineffective organization. Its negligent attitude towards world conflicts, corruption within its members and workers, and a problem-filled administration restricts this organization from achieving its goals.
One of the UNÐŽÐ‡s main goals is to ensure world peace and dissolve conflicts. However, in the last two decades they have failed to do exactly that. The struggle in Somalia was only one of the many conflicts the UN had failed to stop.
ÐŽÂ°Following the eruption and escalation of the civil war in Somalia in 1991, the UN and the Organization of African Unity strived to abate the suffering that was caused as a result of the high-intensity conflict.ÐŽÂ± (Wikipedia contributors, UNOSOM II)
The UNÐŽÐ‡s response was to send relief supplies and peacekeeping troops to Somalia in order to restore the peace. However, despite the UNÐŽÐ‡s attempt, warlords intercepted the supplies, proceeding to sell the goods on the black-market. The war-torn civilians themselves received little to nothing. Following the failure of this operation,
ÐŽÂ°The United States of America offered to establish a multinational force under its own leadership to secure the humanitarian operation. [ÐŽÂ]On 8 August 1993 Task Force Ranger was deployed; composed of Delta and Ranger forces not under UN control and so able to conduct more aggressive operations.ÐŽÂ± (Wikipedia contributors, UNOSOM II).
The US sent in its own special forces in an attempt to hunt down warlord Mohammad Aidid in the so-famed Battle of Mogadishu. The mission in the end resulted in a failure and Aidid was never captured. Ultimately, the United Nations Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM) came to an abrupt end when gruesome footage of dead US troops being dragged through the streets of Mogadishu surfaced within the media. To this day, Somalia is still engaged in a state of civil war, with tens of thousands of lives already perished. It will only be about a month later that another conflict will arise, this time from Rwanda, and on a much larger scale. Perhaps one knows all too well of the genocide between the Hutus and Tutsis in Rwanda and the UNÐŽÐ‡s role in ÐŽÂ°peacekeepingÐŽÂ±, but to understand the full picture one would need to visit the origins of this conflict. In 1919, under the Treaty of Versailles, Rwanda was given to the Belgians to govern. Under the BelgianÐŽÐ‡s colonial rule over Rwanda, the minority Tutsi ethnic group was favored over the majority Hutus and was given more social privileges. However, the tables were turned on 1962 when the Belgians withdrew and Rwanda became an independent country under HutuÐŽÐ‡s rule. Seeking revenge, the Hutus suppressed the Tutsis and tension mounted for the next 42 years, eventually leading to the Rwandan Genocide. After many talks within the UN, ÐŽÂ°United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) was established on October 5, 1993 by Security Council resolution 872ÐŽÂ± (Wikipedia contributors, United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda). Their primary mission was to ease tensions between the Hutus and the Tutsis. However, things were not played out as planned when Rwandan President HabyarimanaÐŽÐ‡s plane was shot down by Tutsi rebels (Rwandan Patriotic Front). This incident immediately led to the mass killings of ÐŽÂ°800,000 to 1,017,100 Tutsi and Hutu victims over 100 daysÐŽÂ± (Wikipedia Contributors, Rwandan Genocide). Amidst all of this, the UN sits idly by while ordering its peacekeeping troops not to ÐŽÂ°use forceÐŽÂ± unless in direct danger. Fearing that their role in Rwanda may turn out to be another Mogadishu, ÐŽÂ°many of the participating peacekeeping nations withdrew, leaving only 270 soldiers under the control of general DallaireÐŽÂ± (Wikipedia Contributors, United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda). The UN, once again decided to abandon their support in Rwanda in the face of fear. Amazingly the genocide, a word that many nations refused to use, was in fact stopped by the poorly trained Tutsi rebels. Words cannot describe such irresponsibility on the UNÐŽÐ‡s part. The amount of casualties suffered by Rwanda in such a short span of time is capable of putting the Holocaust to shame. Or is it the UN? Regardless, Somalia and Rwanda were only the beginning of the long list of conflicts that the UN had failed to resolve. Other notable examples include, but are not limited to: Darfur, Congo, and Srebrenica. Failure to respond to these issues on the UNÐŽÐ‡s part shows the world how capable and effective they are in keeping their promise of peace and justice.
Shame, as it seems, is not something the UN is afraid of, especially in the case of corruption, which is abundant within the UN. One such example is the Oil-For-Food scandal. This program aims to give post-Gulf War Iraq a chance to sell its oil on the world market, and using the profit to buy ÐŽÂ°foodÐŽÂ± for its famine-stricken citizens. However, one should have learned by now, that dictators are not to be trusted, and as a result, the inevitable happened.
ÐŽÂ°Saddam held the money escrow and restricted it to BNP Paribas, a French bank. In turn, he gave oil vouchers, allegedly at lower-than-market prices, to certain high level individuals in the French Interior Ministry, the Ukraine Communist Party, the Russian Communist Party and PresidentÐŽÐ‡s office, and the UN assistant Secretary General.ÐŽÂ± (Mack, United Nations corrupt, uncooperative, ineffective).
But of course, should anyone be surprised with France and Russia (permanent UN members with veto power) when they openly opposed the American invasion of Iraq in 2003? What is surprising, however, is the fact that Saddam ÐŽÂ°hid more than $10 billion, according to the Government Accounting Office, from escrow accounts and redirected it to his bloody regime.ÐŽÂ± (Mack, United Nations corrupt, uncooperative, ineffective). Fortunately, the program came to an end in 2003 after eight years of scandal and corruption. Around this very same time, the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) hired members from the Hamas to work for them in the Palestine region. This is the same Hamas organization that constantly committed attacks on Israeli citiesÐŽÐ„they are a terrorist organization! This is a direct contradiction of the UNÐŽÐ‡s goal of peacekeeping.
ÐŽÂ°The United Nations Relief and Works Agency, rather than performing a neutral humanitarian role in Palestine regions, is actually infected with terrorists who use international funds and UN safe haven to facilitate attacks on Israeli civilians.ÐŽÂ± (Grover, UNRWAÐŽÐ‡s Hamas Employees).
There are also numerous confirmed videos taken by spy planes showing the UNRWA workers (presumably the Hamas employees) helping their fellow terrorists hide rockets by loading them onto UNRWA medical vans. What does the UN have to say to all this? Peter Hansen, the Commissioner General of UNRWA responded with, ÐŽÂ°We do not do political vetting and exclude people from one persuasion as against another.ÐŽÂ± (Arsenault, Canada looking at UN agency over Palestinian connection). So perhaps it would only be fair if the UN granted equal job opportunities to the Talibans, or even the Al-Qaeda for that matter. As if it is not disappointing enough already, ÐŽÂ°The Canadian government supports the UNRWA with $10 million a year.ÐŽÂ± (CBC, Canada looking at UN agency over Palestinian connection). By now, one would have expected the UN to carefully choose its employees to avoid corruption. Unfortunately this is not the case as more than ÐŽÂ°68 cases of alleged rape, prostitution and pedophilia and more than 150 other allegation have been uncovered by UN investigators, all perpetrated by UN peacekeepersÐŽÂ± (Buffadren, Criticism Regarding the United Nations). It is quite sad to realize that not only does the UN refuse to send peacekeeping troops when they are needed, but when they do send for support, the troops act the way they are in this case. Had this kind of incident occurred in the ÐŽÂ°regular militaryÐŽÂ±, the offending soldiers would have been immediately brought to justice by their commanding officers. This can only mean one of two things. Either the peacekeepers did a good job at covering up their crimes, or that their commanding officers had known about the issue and refused to take action. Nonetheless, the actions of the peacekeepers demonstrate corruption and dishonesty. The UN, behind their ÐŽÂ°charitableÐŽÂ± acts, is in fact deeply plagued with corrupted members and affiliates. This problem is counter-intuitive of the UNÐŽÐ‡s goals, thus contributing to their overall ineffectiveness.
In all fairness it is somewhat unilateral to believe that corruption within members of the UN is indeed entirely the UNÐŽÐ‡s fault (this, however, does not take away the fact that they are ineffective). After all, the United Nations is not a single entity, but rather a combination of 192 countries, each with their own political agenda. It is this reason, which, at times prevents the UN from reaching its objective, or coming up with one at all. In short, the UNÐŽÐ‡s administration system greatly handicaps a what-would-be great organization. The first problem with the UNÐŽÐ‡s administration is the veto system.
ÐŽÂ°Each permanent member state has veto powers, which can be used to avoid any substantive resolution. A single veto from a permanent member outweighs any majority.ÐŽÂ± (Wikipedia contributors, United Nations Security Council).
The way which the UN operates sounds akin to an euphemized version of totalitarianism, where the people at the top have all the say, while the people at the bottom are left without power. This system also brings a sense of irony since it is totalitarianism-ruled countries that that the UN usually sends relief to. One such incidence, which demonstrates the drawbacks of veto power, can be observed from the following quote,
ÐŽÂ°vetoes can have terrible consequences. The Security Council failed to act during the Rwandan Genocide in 1994 due to hidden vetoes of France and the US.ÐŽÂ± (Nahory, The Hidden Veto)
As a result, close a million lives were lost in the genocide, which could have otherwise been prevented. Another example proving the UN administration to be inadequate was the United Nations for Human Rights oversight. Apparently, countries such as ÐŽÂ°Libya, Cuba, Sudan, Algeria, and Vietnam which did not guarantee the human rights of their own citizensÐŽÂ± were voted into the council. Luckily a new Human Rights Council was formed shortly after the realization. One can only imagine the terrible consequences had those countries been allowed to remain in the council. Regardless, this does not give justification to why it happened in the first place. In the end, the UN could have been a lot more effective had its administration been more democratic and ÐŽÂ°carefulÐŽÂ± in its decisionsÐŽÐ„but it is not. As long as it remains to be governed by the same way it is now, then there would be little hopes of the UN actually achieving its objectives.
It is overwhelming obvious by now that the UN needs to clean up its acts and be brought into reform to become an effective organization, an organization that is of actual use. However, the dreams of the UN actually promoting peaceful coexistence have faded away with time. As of today, the UN remains to be nothing more than an inefficient, for-profit organization largely due to its neglect for resolving conflicts, corruption within members, and a poor administration. One question still remains: would these flaws one day lead the UN to the fate of its predecessor, the League of Nations?
Arsenault, Adrienne. "Canada looking at UN agency over Palestinian connection." CBC News. 4/Oct/2004. Canadian Broadcast Corporation. 28 Mar 2007 .
Grover, Gary. "UNRWA's Hamas Employees." The head of the UN administration in the West Bank and Gaza admits Hamas members are on his payroll. Media outlets ignore it.. 4/Oct/2004. Aish HaTorah. 28 Mar 2007 .
Mack, James. "United Nations corrupt, uncooperative, ineffective." The Leauge of Nations failed once, and it has failed again under new management; change is needed. 10/Oct/2004. The Triangle Online. 28 Mar 2007 .
Nahory, CÐÂ¦line. "The Hidden Veto." Global Policy Forum. 27/May/2004. Global Policy Forum. 28 Mar 2007 .
"Rwandan Genocide." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 28 Mar 2007, 18:46 UTC. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 29 Mar 2007 .
"United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 24 Mar 2007, 10:53 UTC. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 29 Mar 2007 .
"United Nations Operation in Somalia II." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 25 Mar 2007, 20:55 UTC. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 29 Mar 2007 .
"United Nations Security Council." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 27 Mar 2007, 18:12 UTC. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 29 Mar 2007 .
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