Technology / Apple'S Role In Is Development
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Autor: anton 21 November 2010
Words: 1118 | Pages: 5
Apple has become the â€œitâ€ in technology all over again. The company that was on the brink of extinction just a few years ago has picked itself back up and is growing exponentially each year. Upper management and top officials have kept close to their beliefs for Apple and have been able to push the company further in not only profits, but also product lines. Forthcoming you will find Apples current products, their short but tumultuous history and financials, and what role they have played and will continue to play in the ever evolving information systems world.
Appleâ€™s current product line include the iMac, MacBook, MacBook Pro, Mac Pro and Mac Mini- all of which are desktop and laptop computers. These computers feature the Mac OS X operating system. While laptops and desktop computers make up a significant portion of Appleâ€™s product line, the introduction of the iPod has resulted in a recent focus on music-related products. â€ Forty-two percent of Apple's revenue for the first fiscal quarter of 2008 came from iPod sales, followed by twenty-one percent from notebook sales and sixteen percent from desktop salesâ€ In addition to the aforementioned products, Apple also offers iPhones, servers, multimedia and other software, and wireless networking equipment.
In 1976, Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak quit their jobs designing video games in order to start their own company. In the garage of Jobsâ€™ Cupertino, they founded Apple Computers. Their mission was to simplify computing and offer users a more affordable option. They introduced their first system, the Apple I, later that year. This system was an encased circuit board (users had to configure their own keyboard and monitor) which sold for $666.66 at the local electronics store. Jobs and Wozniak went on to create more refined models of their system, focusing on increasing the functionality and design of their product. They developed graphical user interfaces and introduced the mouse to the personal computer market, but unlike Microsoft they chose a proprietary architecture that would cost them in the end.
In 1980, Apple went public and proceeded to earn over $100 million from the sales of the Apple II. IBMâ€™s PC featuring a Microsoft OS debuted in 1981, sparking a decades-long rivalry in the personal computer market. The Macintosh was introduced in 1984, and its poor initial reception caused the Apple Board of Directors to force out Steve Jobs the next year. Microsoftâ€™s Windows operating system proved a viable threat and subsequently captured a large portion of the personal computing market share, leaving Apple to focus on desktop publishing. Many versions of the Mac II were released into the 1990â€™s in order to fight the growing popularity of PC clones. The PC offered more software and lower prices due to itsâ€™ generic design, forcing Apple to fight for market share unsuccessfully.
Steve Jobs returned to Apple in 1997 and focused on the design and aesthetics of their products, introducing the popular iMac desktop computer. In 2001, Appleâ€™s next big innovation came in the form of a portable mp3 player- the iPod. Coupled with their software for playing music that has been converted to mp3 format, iTunes, the iPod captured an incredible market share due to the innovative design of the â€œclick wheel.â€
ROLE COMPANY PLAYS IN INFORMATION SYSTEMS
The development of the Apple II computer in 1977 is generally credited with the creation of the home computer market, selling millions of units through the 1980s. The later introduction of the Macintosh in 1984 brought the general public a graphical user interface (GUI), thanks to a deal made with Xeroxâ€™s research and development department. The GUI enabled Apple to partner with Adobe and focus on desktop publishing and computer animation. For this reason, the Macintosh effectively became the go to machine for music, cinema, publishing and the arts. With the help of the LaserWriter, apple was able to successfully jumpstart the Desktop Publishing market (Wikipedia Apple Inc.). Another area Apple really trumped others was in the education world. Apple was able to capitalize in many public school systems by donating computers to some school systems and becoming a household name by introducing children to Apple computers.
In 1991, Apple released the PowerBook which was â€œa landmark product that established the modern form and ergonomic layout of the laptop (Answers.com).â€ Following this trend for portable devices, Apple released the Newton in 1993. The Newton was an early PDA which suffered poor sales commercially, though it created the market for handheld devices and became the inspiration for the Palm Pilot. The technology that they inspired put forth the expectations of portability by the consumers.
Apple continued its innovative developments by expanding into the camera market. In 1994, they introduced the QuickTake camera. The QuickTake was the first digital camera available to consumers for personal use. It stored up to 32 images in 24-bit color, which could be uploaded to any Mac computer via a serial cable. Apple discontinued the camera in 1997 after other distinguished brands within the camera market (Kodak, Nikon, Canon) developed their own digital cameras and regained market share.
Although Apple has played a hand in many evolutions in the Information systems world, 2001 saw one of the most influential innovations of Appleâ€™s recent history- the iPod. iTunes and the iPod revolutionized the music industry, capturing 75% of the market for portable mp3 players.
Key numbers for fiscal year ending September, 2007:
One year growth: 24.3%
Net income: $3,496.0M
Income growth: 75.8%
Employees: 17,787 full-time; 2,399 temporary
(in millions of US dollars) 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002
Revenue 24006 19315 13931 8279 6207 5742
% change 24.29% 38.65% 68.27% 33.38% 8.10% ~
Net Income 3496 1989 1328 266 69 65
% change 75.77% 49.77% 399.25% 285.51% 6.15% ~
Apple Inc. is a large multinational corporation, employing over 20,000 people world wide. The majority of Apple's employees reside in the United States, but Apple has substantial manufacturing, sales, marketing, and support organizations worldwide, with new headquarters in Paris and Tokyo focusing on engineering operations.
Apple experienced an extraordinary growth in both revenue and net income in the past five years. These numbers indicate that Jobsâ€™ investments in research and development finally paid off. In 2004 there was a 33.38% increase in revenue and a 285.51% increase in net income, followed by a 399.25% increase in net income in 2005. These growths in revenue and net income have translated into an increased market share for Apple in personal computing.
Company 1Q07 Shipments 1Q07 Market Share (%) 1Q06 Shipments 1Q06 Market Share (%) Growth (%)
Apple 741 5 570 4 30
Dell 4126 27.9 4881 33.9 -15.5
Gateway 1147 7.7 1225 8.5 -6.3
HP 3807 25.7 3027 21 25.8
The exponential growth of iPod sales has contributed greatly to Appleâ€™s recent success. Apple currently owns nearly 75% of the market for portable mp3 players, and this is reflected on their income statement.
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