Technology / Doing Research With Free Software

Doing Research With Free Software

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Autor:  anton  20 November 2010
Tags:  Research,  Software
Words: 836   |   Pages: 4
Views: 300

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title{Doing Research with Free Software}

subtitle{Free your Tools to Free your Mind}

author[M. Augier]{Marc Augier}

institute[CERAM]{CERAM Business School}

date[5th GTMC]{5th GTMC - 2 June 2007}

begin{document}

%begin{frame}

frame[plain]{titlepage}

%end{frame}

section*{Agenda}

begin{frame}

frametitle{Agenda}

tableofcontents

end{frame}

section{What is Free Sofware?}

subsection{Definition and Presentation}

begin{frame}

frametitle{Free Software is not only for Computer Scientists}

begin{overlayarea}{textwidth}{95mm}

begin{block}{only<1>{A couple of years ago, Free Sofware were mostly identified as software tools for hackers or geeks only.}%

only<2>{Then thanks to projects like Mozilla and it Firefox browser, Free Software became more and more populars}%

only<3->{Nowadays, a large amount of "non-geeks" are users of Free Softwares.}}

begin{center}

includegraphics<1>[scale=0.4]{../../figures/hacker.jpg}

includegraphics<2>[scale=0.6]{../../figures/firefox.jpg}

includegraphics<3>[scale=0.5]{../../figures/mozilla.jpg}

only<4>{begin{itemize}

item In some areas, mainly around Computer Science, tools based on Free Softwares are widely used by researchers

item But they still need to be better understood and used by non technically oriented researchers.

end{itemize}}

end{center}

end{block}

end{overlayarea}

end{frame}

begin{frame}

frametitle{Free Software Foundation}

begin{overlayarea}{textwidth}{9cm}

begin{block}{The alert{Free Software Foundation} is a non-profit organization founded in 1985 by Richard Stallman.}%

begin{center}

only<1>{Main sponsor of the GNU Project}%

only<3>{Free software is a matter of the users' freedom to run, copy, distribute, study, change and improve the software.}includegraphics<2>[width=8cm]{../../figures/FSF_Wallpaper_1024x768.jpg}

end{center}

end{block}

end{overlayarea}

end{frame}

begin{frame}

frametitle{Free Software Definition According to FSF}

small

begin{block}{Free software definition refers to four kinds of freedom, for the users of the software:}

begin{enumerate}

item The freedom to run the program, for any purpose (freedom~0).

item The freedom to study how the program works, and adapt it to your needs (freedom~1). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.

item The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor (freedom~2).

item The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements to the public, so that the whole community benefits (freedom~3). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.

end{enumerate}

A program is free software if users have all of these freedoms.

end{block}

end{frame}

begin{frame}

frametitle{So, it's free (of charge)?}

begin{overlayarea}{textwidth}{3cm}

begin{itemize}

item It is only<1>{alert{not}} emph{Free } as in alert{only<1>{Free Beer}only<2->{Free Speech}}

end{itemize}

only<3>{Regardless of how you got your copies, you always have the freedom to copy and change the software, even to sell copies. ``Free software'' does not mean ``non-commercial''.}

only<4>{Anyway, many Free Softwares are free of chargedots{}}

end{overlayarea}

end{frame}

section{The Link between Research and Free Software}

subsection{The Scientific Method}

begin{frame}

frametitle{Science Relies on Accessible Methods}

begin{block}{Scientific method}

begin{itemize}

item<1> The scientific method is a way of acquiring facts on any given phenomenon. It involves gathering objective evidence based on external, unbiased measurement, equally obtainable by all. All science is a result of the scientific method.

item<2> A basic expectation is to document, archive and share all data and methodology so it is available for careful scrutiny by other scientists, thereby allowing other researchers the opportunity to verify results by attempting to reproduce them.

end{itemize}

end{block}

textit{From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia}

end{frame}

begin{frame}

frametitle{Science Needs Accessible Tools}

begin{block}{The Purpose of Software}

begin{itemize}

item<1-> Even if they rarely mention them, for many tasks researchers rely on software tools.

item<2> To write their papersdots{} but this is not the very purpose today.

item<3-> Because they need tools to manipulate large corpusses, to compute statistics, etc.

end{itemize}

end{block}

end{frame}

begin{frame}

frametitle{Can you answer these questions?}

begin{block}{An Intrusion of Epistemology into Software}

begin{itemize}

item<1> What would you think of a research work that you cannot verify nor reuse because it relies on a tool to which you don't have access?

item<2> Why in the textit{References} section of papers, memoirs there is a mention to every book used, of the Web sites but no mention of the software tools, their versions and how to obtain them?

end{itemize}

end{block}

% item SCIENCE NEEDS OPENSOURCE because SCIENCE RELIES ON ACCESSIBLE METHODS.

% item RESEARCH NEEDS GPL because RESEARCH NEEDS FREEDOM.

end{frame}

begin{frame}

frametitle{Perenity}

begin{block}{Many software application evolve at a fast rate.}

begin{itemize}

item<2> What happens to your research if the tool you use disappears/change?

item<3> Are you sure your results textit{will not change with a new version of the tool?}

end{itemize}

end{block}

end{frame}

subsection{Which Tools for my Research?}

begin{frame}

frametitle{What are you into?}

begin{overlayarea}{textwidth}{6cm}

begin{block}{There are tools for only<2->{(almost) }anything you do}

begin{itemize}

item The main problem is to know their existence.

item The other main problem is to identify the good from the others.

end{itemize}

end{block}

only<3-5>{begin{block}{Some examples}

begin{itemize}

item<4> Natural Language Processing (NLP) applications, packaged together on Morphix-NLP.

item<5> Web Publishing, SPIP, Plone, Joomla and many others.

end{itemize}

end{block}

}

only<6->{

begin{block}{Office Applications}

begin{itemize}

item<7-9> Document processing and Bibliography management

begin{itemize}

item<8> LaTeX{} and BibTeX

item<9> OpenOffice

end{itemize}

item<10> FreeMind

end{itemize}

end{block}

}

end{overlayarea}

end{frame}

section{Conclusion & References}

begin{frame}

frametitle{If you want to know moredots{}}

begin{itemize}

item Take control back of your computer!

item SPIP url{http://www.spip.net/}

item Plone url{http://plone.org/}

item Joomla url{http://www.joomla.org/}

item Morphix-NLP url{http://morphix-nlp.berlios.de/}

item Free Software Foundation url{http://www.fsf.org}

end{itemize}

end{frame}

end{document}



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