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Category: History Other
Autor: anton 03 December 2010
Words: 977 | Pages: 4
In 1917 the most important Russian Revolution event occurred; this milestone was the emancipation of women; when women's oppression was overcome. This was the first time the complete economic, political and sexual equality of women was put on the historic agenda. The main priority was not only to defend women rights but to also defend human rights and liberties. They also wanted to support family as a community not only from the public but also from the government. The equality of family rights and duties of the men and women were also just as important.
Before the Russian Revolution, Russian women were exploited during the industrialization development. Women were condemned to be physically exhausted from production, while being oppressed by men. They were not aware of the limits that were imposed on their individual development or their fundamental social rights. Women would spend their time confined to their home and were restricted to the general society if they weren't their family. In the article by Elissabetta Rossi she states "Gender oppression starts to be perceived as a limitation of women's freedom when the capitalist mode of production asserts itself, and with it the use of machines
becomes widespread. This is because these machines completely undermine independent (or household) production and allow working class women to seek a role outside their home. "This caused the women to stand up and defend their interests to gain the same amount of rights as men. This was the beginning of the struggle of women's emancipation.
The Bolsheviks (known for seizing power in Russia during the Russian Revolution & for founding the Soviet Union,) were involved in this revolution. With the help of Lenin and Trotsky (socialist politician &influential politician in the early days of the Soviet Union) they imagined a development of industry and planned a nationalized economy, which gave women the opportunity to work outside of the home. They also established a democracy that allowed them to have a full role in political and social life.
They had to take several procedures to make this goal happen such as the releasing of women from the traditional confinement of domestic chores. This act caused the society to blame the Bolsheviks for breaking up homes and relationships. On the other hand women were allowed to make the decision to form other relationships with the society. Shortly after the revolution educational and professional opportunities opened up for women. Although this was a good thing which they worked for, this made their life more difficult because they still had to be the mother and house wife when they returned home from work. Although the husband would be around the wife still did twice as much work than they did.
During this time there were about 85% of women between the ages of 20- 55 who worked full-time therefore they were left with the responsibility of finding childcare for their children. The government operations were not affordable or available for a lot or working class women so they were left to depend on the elderly women in their family to care for their children while they worked.
Russian has come a long way for women's rights. Although these actions were put in place they changed over time. Now in Russian to be a respected member of the society women are expected to follow certain values of becoming a wife and mother. Russian definition of success for a woman includes marriage and children as the primary conditions. Russian women are not afraid of hard work, because they are strong, hard-working, nurturing, & long-suffering. Their natural instinct tells them they must find a male who will be able to provide for his family while she is busy with their offspring and unable to support the family on her own.
Although they are house wives most of them are educated. In Russian sixty percent of people have graduated from a college or university school, most of these Russians are women. Ninety percent are in the work force, where they occupy mostly secondary positions. The greatest portion of women are working in public health service while the others work in education, credit and finance, information and accounting services, and few work in construction. Although these women are educated and have jobs it can be frowned upon if they are not married with children. No career success can substitute this need of having her own family. In Russia a woman who has never been married is looked down upon.
Pickard, J. Women in the Soviet Union, 1988 from http://www.newyouth.com/archives/theory/women/women_in_soviet_union.asp
Rossi, E. The Emancipation of women in Russia before and after the Russian Revolution-Part One, March 4th,2004 from http://www.photius.com/countries/russia/society/russia_society_the_role_of_women.html
Russia the Role of the women,1996 from http://www.marxist.com/emancipation-women-russia.htm