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Autor: anton 10 March 2011
Words: 636 | Pages: 3
Supply and Demand Simulation
This week's simulation is based on GoodLife Management. GoodLife Management is located in the fictitious town of Atlantis, and rents two-bedroom apartments on a month-to-month basis. The simulation provided working examples of several factors that effectively change the supply and demand of GoodLife's rentals over the course of several years. These factors include GoodLife's management direction, population changes within Atlantis and outlying areas, changes in consumer's preferences and the implementation of price ceilings. Through the course of the simulation, several key points were addressed, they are: 1) demand and supply, 2) equilibrium, 3) shifts in demand and supply and 4) the potential effects of price ceilings. This paper will provide an overview of the four key points.
Four Key Points
1. Demand and Supply Curves
According to the simulation, a demand curve is downward sloping. According to our text, a demand curve illustrates how a "change in the price level will change aggregate expenditures on all goods and services in an economy" (Colander, 2004). As it applies to the simulation, as the price decreased, demand increased. The supply curve, on the other hand, is upward sloping. The quantity of two-bedroom apartments increased as the price increased.
Colander defines equilibrium as "a concept in which opposing dynamic forces cancel each other out." He goes on to state that the "equilibrium price is the price toward which the invisible hand drives the market." Simply stated, equilibrium can be defined as the point at which quantity demanded exactly meets the supply available. Therefore, no shortage of surplus would exist once equilibrium is met. If prices are below the equilibrium point, then the quantity demanded will exceed the quantity supplied which will lead to shortages. When this happens, prices rise to in order to increase supply until equilibrium is attained. The inverse is true as well.
3. Shifts in Demand and Supply
In the case of Atlantis based GoodLife Management Co., shifts in supply and demand were caused by several different factors as illustrated above. They included: 1) GoodLife's management direction, 2) population changes within Atlantis and outlying areas, 3) changes in consumer's preferences, and 4) the implementation of price ceilings. A change in the supply and demand of two-bedroom apartments was demonstrated as either shifts upward or downward, or to the right or left on the supply and demand curve- dependent
upon the circumstances.
4. The Potential Effects of Price Ceilings
Our text defines a price ceiling as "a government imposed limit on how high a price can be charged," (Colander, 2004). Price ceilings can have detrimental affects on supply and demand. A price ceiling that is below equilibrium, as was the case in the simulation, causes shortages. This is due to the fact that prices are so low, consumers demand surpasses the quantity supplied. According to the simulation, price ceilings may have economic as well as social consequences such as increased deposit rates, and possibly even discriminatory practices.
This week's simulation provided working examples of several factors that effectively change supply and demand. These factors included GoodLife's management direction, population changes within Atlantis and outlying areas, changes in consumer's preferences and the implementation of price ceilings. The simulation provided a working environment that I was able to manipulate. Being able to manipulate the outcome enabled me to observe the effects that different decisions had on supply, demand and equilibrium. It also provided me with an opportunity to see how these concepts can be directly applied to my workplace.
University of Phoenix. (20045). Applying Supply and Demand Concepts. Simulation completed August 23, 2005 from University of Phoenix, Resource, ECO/360- Economics for Business I Web Site: https://mycampus.phoenix.edu/secure/resource/vendors/tata/UBAMsims/economics1/economics1_supply_demand_simulation.html
University of Phoenix. (Ed.) (2004). Macroeconomics [University of Phoenix Custom Edition e-text] Burr Ridge: Irwin/McGraw-Hill. Retrieved August 28, 2005 from University of Phoenix, Resource, ECO/360- Economics for Business I Web Site: https://mycampus.phoenix.edu/secure/resource/ResourceAgent.asp